ස්වෛරී රාජ්‍ය ලැයිස්තුව

විකිපීඩියා, නිදහස් විශ්වකෝෂය වෙතින්
වෙත පනින්න: සංචලනය, සොයන්න

This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged, gives an overview of states around the world with information on the extent of their sovereignty. It includes both states widely recognized to be de jure sovereign and states that claim de jure sovereignty and exercise de facto control over some territory, but which are not generally recognised.

පටුන: Criteria for inclusion
Sovereign states: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z
Other states

See also - Other listings - References and footnotes

Criteria for inclusion[සංස්කරණය]

This list derives its definition of a sovereign state from Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention of 1933. According to the Convention, a sovereign state should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population, (b) a defined territory, (c) government, and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. In respect of the last qualification, the role of recognition by other states can often be crucial since it implies acceptance into the international community.[1] The list includes all states that satisfy these criteria and claim independence; however, the aforementioned qualifications are not absolute and permit variations.

On the basis of the above criteria, this list includes the following 203 entities:

Entities considered to be micronations that are not internationally recognized are not included. Unlisted are the following noteworthy entities that do not possess all the qualifications in the Montevideo Convention:

The listing or placement of any entity in this article is not meant to imply an official position in any dispute.

ජාත්‍යන්තරව පිළිගැනුනු ස්වෛරී රාජ්‍යයන්[සංස්කරණය]

සැකිල්ල:Complete

Name in English and the official languages of the state[2] Information on the extent of the sovereignty[3]

A[සංස්කරණය]


Abkhazia සැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states

 ඇෆ්ගනිස්තානය - Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඇල්බේනියාව - Republic of Albania
  • Albanian: Shqipëria - Republika e Shqipërise

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඇල්ජීරියාව - People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
  • Arabic: الجزائر - الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية සැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඇන්ඩෝරා - Principality of Andorra
  • Catalan: Andorra - Principat d’Andorra

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඇන්ගෝලාව - Republic of Angola
  • Portuguese: Angola - República de Angola

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. A separatist government in exile claims independence for Cabinda[4]


 ඇන්ටිගුවා සහ බාබ්‍යුඩා - Antigua and Barbuda
  • English - Antigua and Barbuda

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth Realm[5] and has a division (dependency), Barbuda, with an autonomous status.[6]


 ආර්ජන්ටිනාව - Argentine Republic[7]
  • Spanish: Argentina - República Argentina

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Argentina is a federation[8] divided in provinces and one federal district. Argentina also claims sovereignty over the British overseas territories of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands[9]


 ආර්මේනියාව - Republic of Armenia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඕස්ට්‍රේලියාව - Commonwealth of Australia
  • English: Australia - Commonwealth of Australia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Australia is a Commonwealth Realm[5] and a federation[8] of states and territories. Australia has sovereignty over:

Australia claims sovereignty over parts of Antarctica as:


 ඔස්ට්‍රියාව - Republic of Austria
  • German: Österreich - Republik Österreich

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] Austria is a federation[8] divided in states (Bundesländer).


 අසර්බයිජාන් - Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Azeri: Azərbaycan - Azərbaycan Respublikası

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Azerbaijan has one autonomous republic, සැකිල්ල:රටේ දත්ත Nakhchivan, and the autonomous region of Nagorno-Karabakh (Dağlıq Qarabağ,).[6] In Nagorno Karabakh a de facto country in the de jure territory of Azerbaijan has been established.


B[සංස්කරණය]


 බහාමාස් - Commonwealth of The Bahamas
  • English: The Bahamas - Commonwealth of The Bahamas

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The Bahamas is a Commonwealth Realm.[5]


 බහරේන් - Kingdom of Bahrain

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 බංග්ලාදේශය - People's Republic of Bangladesh
  • Bengali: বাংলাদেশ - গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ සැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 බාබඩෝස්
  • English: Barbados

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Barbados is a Commonwealth Realm.[5]


 බෙලාරූස් - Republic of Belarus

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 බෙල්ජියම - Kingdom of Belgium
  • Dutch: België - Koninkrijk België
  • French: Belgique - Royaume de Belgique
  • German: Belgien - Königreich Belgien

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] Belgium is a federation[8] divided in linguistic communities and regions.


 බෙලීස්
  • English: Belize

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Belize is a Commonwealth Realm.[5]


 බෙනින් - Republic of Benin[11]
  • French: Bénin - République du Bénin

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 භූතානය - Kingdom of Bhutan

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 බොලිවියාව - Republic of Bolivia
  • Spanish: Bolivia - República de Bolivia
  • Quechua: Bulibiya - Bulibiya Mama Llaqta
  • Aymara: Wuliwya - Wuliwya Suyu

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 බොස්නියා සහ හර්සෙගොවිනා - Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bosnian and Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina
  • Serbian: Босна и Херцеговина / Bosna i Hercegovina

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. As a result of the Dayton Agreement between Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into two constituent entities, the සැකිල්ල:රටේ දත්ත Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the සැකිල්ල:රටේ දත්ත Republika Srpska.[12]


 බොට්ස්වානා - Republic of Botswana
  • Tswana: Botswana - Lefatshe la Botswana
  • English: Botswana - Republic of Botswana

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 බ්‍රසීලය - Federative Republic of Brazil
  • Portuguese: Brasil - República Federativa do Brasil

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Brasil is a federation[8] divided in states and one federal district.


 බෲනයි - Negara Brunei Darussalam
  • Malay: Brunei - Negara Brunei Darussalam

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Brunei claims sovereignty over part of the Spratly Islands.[13]


 බල්ගේරියාව - Republic of Bulgaria

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 බර්කිනා ෆාසෝ - Burkina Faso[14]
  • French: Burkina Faso

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 බුරුමය - Union of Myanmar (Burma)

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 බුරුන්ඩි - Republic of Burundi
  • Kirundi: Uburundi - Republika y'Uburundi
  • French: Burundi - République du Burundi

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


C[සංස්කරණය]


 කාම්බෝජය - Kingdom of Cambodia
  • Cambodian: កម្ពុជា - ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ កម្ពុជាසැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කැමරූන් - Republic of Cameroon
  • French: Cameroun - République du Cameroun
  • English: Cameroon - Republic of Cameroon

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කැනඩාව[16]
  • English and French: Canada

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Canada is a Commonwealth Realm[5] and a federation[8] divided into provinces and territories.


 වර්ඩේ තුඩුව - Republic of Cape Verde
  • Portuguese: Cabo Verde - República de Cabo Verde

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 මධ්‍යම අප්‍රිකානු ජනරජය
  • French: République Centrafricaine
  • Sangho: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 චැඩ් - Republic of Chad

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 චිලි - Republic of Chile
  • Spanish: Chile - República de Chile

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Easter Island is an integral part of Chile.


 චීන මහජන සමූහාණ්ඩුව - People's Republic of China[17]

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.[18] Commonly known as චීනය, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has five autonomous regions: Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet.[6] Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of

It claims sovereignty over the territories of:

Aksai Chin, controlled by the PRC, is claimed by India as a part of Jammu and Kashmir.[23] Tibet and East Turkestan (Xinjiang) have separatist governments in exile.[4]


China, Republic of සැකිල්ල:Arrow Taiwan, listedසැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states

 කෙලොම්බියාව - Republic of Colombia
  • Spanish: Colombia - República de Colombia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කොමරොස් - Union of the Comoros
  • Komori: Komori - Udzima wa Komori
  • French: Comores - Union des Comores
  • Arabic: القمر - اتحاد القمرසැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The Comoros is a federation with autonomous islands.[8][6] The Comoros dispute the French sovereignty over Mayotte and the Glorioso Islands.[9]


 කොන්ගෝව - Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa)[24]
  • French: Congo - République Démocratique du Congo

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කොන්ගෝව - Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville)
  • French: Congo - République du Congo

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කොස්ටා රිකා - Republic of Costa Rica
  • Spanish: Costa Rica - República de Costa Rica

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කෝට් ඩවාර් - Republic of Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
  • French: Côte d'Ivoire - République de Côte d'Ivoire

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ක්‍රොඒෂියා - Republic of Croatia
  • Croatian: Hrvatska - Republika Hrvatska

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කියුබාව

- Republic of Cuba

  • Spanish: Cuba - República de Cuba

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The Cuban area of Guantánamo Bay is as the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base under the permanent control (with no claim of sovereignty) of the United States which pays rent under terms of treaties with Cuba.


 සයිප්‍රස් - Republic of Cyprus
  • Greek: Κυπρος - Κυπριακή Δημοκρατίαසැකිල්ල:Rom
  • Turkish: Kıbrıs - Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized[25] member of the UN and the EU.[10] See Northern Cyprus for the de facto state in the de jure territory of Cyprus.


 චෙක් ජනරජය[26]
  • Czech: Česko - Česká republika

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


D[සංස්කරණය]


 ඩෙන්මාර්කය - Kingdom of Denmark
  • Danish: Danmark - Kongeriget Danmark

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] The Kingdom of Denmark includes also two autonomous countries. For more information, see Rigsfællesskabet.


 ජිබුටි - Republic of Djibouti

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඩොමිනිකා - Commonwealth of Dominica
  • English: Dominica - Commonwealth of Dominica

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඩොමිනිකන් ජනරජය
  • Spanish: República Dominicana

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and OAS.


E[සංස්කරණය]


 නැගෙනහිර ටිමෝරය - Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste[27]
  • Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e - Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e
  • Portuguese: Timor-Leste - República Democrática de Timor-Leste

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඉක්වදෝරය - Republic of Ecuador
  • Spanish: Ecuador - República del Ecuador

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඊජිප්තුව - Arab Republic of Egypt

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 එල් සැල්වදෝරය - Republic of El Salvador
  • Spanish: El Salvador - República de El Salvador

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 නිරක්‍ෂීය ගිනි රාජ්‍යය - Republic of Equatorial Guinea
  • Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial - Républica de Guinea Ecuatorial

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 එරිට්‍රියා - State of Eritrea

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 එස්ටෝනියා - Republic of Estonia
  • Estonian: Eesti - Eesti Vabariik

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 ඉතියෝපියාව - Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ - የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክසැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Ethiopia is a federation[8] divided in regions and chartered cities.


F[සංස්කරණය]


 ෆිජී - Republic of the Fiji Islands
  • Fijian: Viti - Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti
  • English: Fiji - Republic of the Fiji Islands
  • Hindustani:[28] फ़िजी / فِجی - फ़िजी गणराज्य / فِجی رپبلک

සැකිල්ල:Rom[29] සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Fiji has an autonomous region (dependency), Rotuma.[6]


 ෆින්ලන්තය - Republic of Finland
  • Finnish: Suomi - Suomen Tasavalta
  • Swedish: Finland - Republiken Finland

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]  Åland is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.[30][6]


 ප්‍රංශය - French Republic
  • French: France - République française

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] The French overseas regions/departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion) are legally part of France and France possesses the uninhabited Clipperton Island. The French sovereignty includes also the overseas territories of

The French sovereignty over Bassas da India, Europa Island and Juan de Nova is disputed by Madagascar, over Glorioso Islands by Madagascar, the Seychelles and the Comoros, and over Tromelin by Mauritius and the Seychelles.[9]


G[සංස්කරණය]


 ගැබෝන් - Gabonese Republic
  • French: Gabon - République Gabonaise

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ගැම්බියාව - Republic of The Gambia
  • English: The Gambia - Republic of The Gambia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ජෝර්ජියාව

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Georgia has three divisions with an autonomous status, සැකිල්ල:රටේ දත්ත Adjara, සැකිල්ල:රටේ දත්ත Abkhazia and සැකිල්ල:රටේ දත්ත South Ossetia.[6] Both in Abkhazia and South Ossetia de facto states inside the de jure territory of Georgia have been formed.


 ජර්මනිය - Federal Republic of Germany
  • German: Deutschland - Bundesrepublik Deutschland

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] Germany is a federation[8] divided in states (Länder).


 ඝානාව - Republic of Ghana
  • English: Ghana - Republic of Ghana

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ග්‍රීසිය - Hellenic Republic

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 ග්‍රෙනේඩා
  • English: Grenada

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Grenada is a Commonwealth Realm.[5]


 ගෞතමාලාව - Republic of Guatemala
  • Spanish: Guatemala - República de Guatemala

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ගිනි - Republic of Guinea
  • French: Guinée - République de Guinée

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ගිනි-බිසව්

- Republic of Guinea-Bissau

  • Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau - República da Guiné-Bissau

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ගයනා - Co-operative Republic of Guyana
  • English: Guyana - Co-operative Republic of Guyana

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


H[සංස්කරණය]


 හයිටි - Republic of Haiti
  • French: Haïti - République d'Haïti
  • Haitian Creole: Ayiti - Repiblik dAyiti

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Haiti claims the uninhabited United States possession of Navassa.[9]


 හොන්ඩියුරාස් - Republic of Honduras
  • Spanish: Honduras - República de Honduras

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 හන්ගේරියාව - Republic of Hungary
  • Hungarian: Magyarország - Magyar Köztársaság

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


I[සංස්කරණය]


 අයිස්ලන්තය - Republic of Iceland
  • Icelandic: Ísland - Lýðveldið Ísland

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ඉන්දියාව - Republic of India

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. India is a federation[8] divided in states and union territories. The Indian sovereignty over Arunachal Pradesh is disputed by the People's Republic of China.[9] India claims sovereignty over and administers part of Kashmir.[23]


 ඉන්දුනීසියාව - Republic of Indonesia
  • Indonesian: Indonesia - Republik Indonesia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Indonesia has four provinces with special status, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Yogyakarta Special Region, Papua, and Jakarta Special Capital Region.[6] Separatist governments in exile claim independence for the Republic of the South Moluccas, the Republic of West Papua, and the Sultanate of Nangroe Aceh Darusalam[31]


 ඉරානය - Islamic Republic of Iran

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Divided into provinces and counties


 ඉරාකය - Republic of Iraq

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Iraq's constitution labels the country as a federation[32][8] divided in regions, governorates and the capital district. At present the only region is Iraqi Kurdistan.


 අයර්ලන්තය - Ireland[33]
  • Irish: Éire
  • English: Ireland

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 ඊශ්‍රායෙලය - State of Israel

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.[34] Israel occupies the Golan Heights and parts of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. It has supervision over the partially occupied Palestinian territories. These occupations are internationally not recognized.[9] See for more information also Palestine.


 ඉතාලිය - Italian Republic
  • Italian: Italia - Repubblica Italiana

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] Italy has autonomous regions, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol.[6]


Ivory Coast සැකිල්ල:Arrow Côte d'Ivoire

J[සංස්කරණය]


 ජැමෙයිකාව
  • English: Jamaica

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Jamaica is a Commonwealth Realm.[5]


 ජපානය - State of Japan[35]

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ජෝර්දානය - Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


K[සංස්කරණය]


 කසකස්තානය - Republic of Kazakhstan

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කෙන්යාව

- Republic of Kenya

  • English: Kenya - Republic of Kenya
  • Swahili: Kenya - Jamhuri ya Kenya

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කිරිබතී - Republic of Kiribati
  • Gilbertese: Kiribati - Ribaberikin Kiribati
  • English: Kiribati - Republic of Kiribati

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කොරියාව, උතුරු - Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea)

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කොරියාව, දකුණු - Republic of Korea (South Korea)

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


Kosovo සැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states

 කුවේටය

- State of Kuwait

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 කියර්ගිස්තානය - Kyrgyz Republic

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


L[සංස්කරණය]


 ලාඕසය - Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Laotian: ນລາວ - ສາທາລະນະລັດປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ සැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ලැට්වියාව - Republic of Latvia
  • Latvian: Latvija - Latvijas Republika

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 ලෙබනනය - Republic of Lebanon

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ලෙසොතෝව - Kingdom of Lesotho
  • English: Lesotho - Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Sotho: Lesotho - Mmuso wa Lesotho

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ලයිබීරියාව - Republic of Liberia
  • English: Liberia - Republic of Liberia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ලිබියාව - Socialist People's Libyan Arab Great Jamahiriya
  • Arabic: ليبيا - الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى සැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ලෙයිච්ටෙන්ස්ටෙයින් - Principality of Liechtenstein
  • German: Liechtenstein - Fürstentum Liechtenstein

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ලිතුවේනියාව - Republic of Lithuania
  • Lithuanian: Lietuva - Lietuvos Respublika

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 ලක්සම්බර්ග් - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
  • Luxembourgian: Lëtzebuerg - Groussherzogdem Lëtzebuerg
  • French: Luxembourg - Grand-Duché du Luxembourg
  • German: Luxemburg - Großherzogtum Luxemburg

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


M[සංස්කරණය]


 මැසඩෝනියාව[36] - (Former Yugoslav) Republic of Macedonia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 මැඩගස්කර් - Republic of Madagascar
  • Malagasy: Madagasikara - Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
  • French: Madagascar - Republique de Madagascar

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Madagascar claims the French possessions of the Glorioso Islands and Juan de Nova.[9]


 මලාවි - Republic of Malawi
  • English: Malawi - Republic of Malawi
  • Chewa: Malaŵi - Mfuko la Malaŵi

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 මලයාසියාව
  • Malay: Malaysia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Malaysia is a federation[8] divided in states and federal territories. Malaysia claims part of the Spratly Islands.[13]


 මාල දිවයින් - Republic of Maldives
  • Divehi: ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު - ހިވެދި ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖ සැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 මාලි - Republic of Mali
  • French: Mali - République du Mali

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 මෝල්ටාව - Republic of Malta
  • Maltese: Malta - Repubblika ta' Malta
  • English: Malta - Republic of Malta

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 මාෂල් දිවයින් - Republic of the Marshall Islands
  • Marshallese: Aorōkin M̧ajeļ - Aolepān Aorōkin M̧ajeļ
  • English: Marshall Islands - Republic of the Marshall Islands

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Marshall Islands claim the United States territory of Wake Island.[9]


 මොරිටානියා - Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Arabic: موريتانيا - الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية සැකිල්ල:Rom
  • French: Mauritanie - République Islamique de la Mauritanie

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 මොරිෂස් - Republic of Mauritius
  • English: Mauritius - Republic of Mauritius
  • French: Maurice - République de Maurice

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues.[6] Mauritius claims the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French island of Tromelin.[9]


 මෙක්සිකෝව - United Mexican States
  • Spanish: México - Estados Unidos Mexicanos

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Mexico is a federation[8] divided into states and one federal district.


 මයික්‍රොනීසියා - Federated States of Micronesia
  • English: Micronesia - Federated States of Micronesia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN under Compact of Free Association with the United States. Micronesia is a federation[8] divided into states.


 මෝල්ඩෝවා - Republic of Moldova
  • Moldovan[38]: Moldova - Republica Moldova

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Moldova has an autonomous region, Gagauzia.[6] See Transnistria for the de facto state inside the de jure territory of Moldova.


 මොනාකෝ - Principality of Monaco
  • French: Monaco - Principauté de Monaco

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 මොන්ගෝලියාව

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 මොන්ටිනිග්‍රෝ

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 මොරොක්කෝව - Kingdom of Morocco

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Morocco claims sovereignty over the Western Sahara and controls most of it, which is disputed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. Morocco disputes the Spanish sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas.[9]


 මොසැම්බික් - Republic of Mozambique
  • Portuguese: Moçambique - República de Moçambique

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


Myanmar සැකිල්ල:Arrow Burma

N[සංස්කරණය]


නගෝර්නෝ-කරබාක් Flecha tesela.png අනෙකුත් රාජ්‍යයන්

 නැමිබියාව - Republic of Namibia
  • English: Namibia - Republic of Namibia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 නයූරු - Republic of Nauru
  • Nauruan: Naoero - Republik Naoero
  • English: Nauru - Republic of Nauru

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 නේපාලය - Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


නෙදර්ලන්තය නෙදර්ලන්තය - Kingdom of the Netherlands
  • Dutch: Nederland - Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] Legally the Netherlands refers to the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, with the latter consisting of one European country:

and the two overseas (associated) countries:


 නවසීලන්තය
  • English: New Zealand
  • Māori: Aotearoa

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. New Zealand is a Commonwealth Realm[5] and has responsibilities for the two free associated states of:

The dependent territory of:

New Zealand also claims sovereignty over parts of Antarctica as:


 නිකරගුවා - Republic of Nicaragua
  • Spanish: Nicaragua - República de Nicaragua

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 නයිජර් - Republic of Niger
  • French: Niger - République du Niger

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 නයිජීරියාව - Federal Republic of Nigeria
  • English: Nigeria - Federal Republic of Nigeria

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Nigeria is a federation[8] divided in states and one federal district.


Northern Cyprus සැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states

North Korea සැකිල්ල:Arrow Korea, Democratic People's Republic of

 නෝර්වේ - Kingdom of Norway
  • Norwegian: Norge - Kongeriket Norge / Noreg - Kongeriket Noreg

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Svalbard is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Svalbard Treaty. The overseas uninhabited possessions of Bouvet Island and Jan Mayen are integral parts of Norway. The Norwegian claim of Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land (Antarctica) as part of Norway is suspended.[41]


O[සංස්කරණය]


 ඕමානය - Sultanate of Oman

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


P[සංස්කරණය]


 පාකිස්ථානය - Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • Urdu: پاکستان - اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاکستان සැකිල්ල:Rom
  • English: Pakistan - Islamic Republic of Pakistan

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Pakistan is a federation[8] divided in provinces and territories. Pakistan claims sovereignty over and occupies part of Kashmir.[23]


 පලාවු - Republic of Palau
  • Paluan: Belau - Beluu er a Belau
  • English: Palau - Republic of Palau

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN under Compact of Free Association with the United States.


The Palestinian territories සැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states

 පැනමාව - Republic of Panama
  • Spanish: Panamá - República de Panamá

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 පපුවා නව ගිනිය - Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • English: Papua New Guinea - Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • Tok Pisin: Papua Niugini - Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth Realm[5] and has an autonomous province, Bougainville Province.[6]


 පැරගුවේ - Republic of Paraguay
  • Spanish: Paraguay - República del Paraguay
  • Guarani: Paraguái - Têta Paraguái

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 පෙරූ - Republic of Peru
  • Spanish: Perú - República del Perú
  • Quechua: Piruw - Piruw Mama Llaqta
  • Aymara: Piruw - Piruw Suyu

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 පිලිපීනය - Republic of the Philippines
  • Filipino: Pilipinas - Republika ng Pilipinas
  • English: Philippines - Republic of the Philippines

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The Philippines has an autonomous region, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.[6] The Philippines claim the Spratly Islands.[13]


 පෝලන්තය - Republic of Poland
  • Polish: Polska - Rzeczpospolita Polska

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 පෘතුගාලය - Portuguese Republic
  • Portuguese: Portugal - República Portuguesa

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] Portugal has two autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira.[6] Portugal does not recognize Spanish sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga.


Pridnestrovie සැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states, Transnistria

Q[සංස්කරණය]


 කාටාර්

- State of Qatar

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


R[සංස්කරණය]


 රුමේනියාව
  • Romanian: România

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 රුසියාව - Russian Federation

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Russia is a federation[8][42] divided in Subjects of Russia (oblasts, republics, autonomous okrugs, krays, and federal cities).
Several of the federal subjects are autonomous republics:[6]


 රුවන්ඩා - Republic of Rwanda
  • KinyaRwanda: Rwanda - Repubulika y'u Rwanda
  • French: Rwanda - République du Rwanda
  • English: Rwanda - Republic of Rwanda

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


S[සංස්කරණය]


 ශාන්ත කිට්ස් සහ නේවිස් - Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
  • English: Saint Kitts and Nevis - Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Saint Kitts and Nevis is a Commonwealth Realm[5] and is a federation[8] of the islands.


 ශාන්ත ලුසියා
  • English: Saint Lucia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth Realm.[5]


 ශාන්ත වින්සන්ට් සහ ග්‍රෙනාඩින්ස්
  • English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth Realm.[5]


 සැමෝවා - Independent State of Samoa
  • Samoan: Sāmoa - Mālo Tuto'atasi o Sāmoa
  • English: Samoa - Independent State of Samoa

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 සැන් මරිනෝ - Republic of San Marino
  • Italian: San Marino - Repubblica di San Marino

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 සාඕ ටොමේ සහ ප්‍රින්සිපේ - Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe - República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. São Tomé and Príncipe has an autonomous province, Príncipe.[6]


 සවුදි අරාබියාව - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 සෙනගෝල් - Republic of Senegal
  • French: Sénégal - République du Sénégal

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 සර්බියාව - Republic of Serbia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Serbia has two autonomous provinces, Kosovo and Metohija and Vojvodina.[6] The Serbian autonomous province of Kosovo and Metohija is currently administered by the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government under the supervision of EULEX. In Kosovo a de facto country in the de jure territory of Serbia has been established and remains partially recognised.


 ෂිසෙල්ස් - Republic of Seychelles
  • English: Seychelles - Republic of Seychelles
  • French: Seychelles - République des Seychelles
  • Seselwa: Sesel - Repiblik Sesel

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The Seychelles claim the British Indian Ocean Territory and the French Glorioso Islands and Tromelin.[9]


 සියෙරා ලියෝන් - Republic of Sierra Leone
  • English: Sierra Leone - Republic of Sierra Leone

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 සිංගප්පූරුව - Republic of Singapore
  • English: Singapore - Republic of Singapore
  • Malay: Singapura - Republik Singapura
  • Chinese: 新加坡 - 新加坡共和国 සැකිල්ල:Rom
  • Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் - சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு සැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ස්ලොවැකියාව - Slovak Republic
  • Slovak: Slovensko - Slovenská republika

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 ස්ලොවෙනියාව - Republic of Slovenia
  • Slovenian: Slovenija - Republika Slovenija

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 සොලොමන් දිවයින්
  • English: Solomon Islands

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth Realm.[5]


 සෝමාලියාව - Republic of Somalia
  • Somali: Soomaaliya - Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya
  • Arabic: الصومال - جمهورية الصومال සැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Somalia is presently fragmented with its Transitional National Government. Somalia disputed the Yemenite sovereignty over Socotra.[9] See Somaliland for the de facto country inside the de jure territory of Somalia.


 දකුණු අප්‍රිකාව - Republic of South Africa
  • English: South Africa - Republic of South Africa
  • Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika - Republiek van Suid-Afrika
  • Xhosa: Mzantsi Afrika - IRiphabliki yaseMzantsi Afrika
  • Zulu: Ningizimu Afrika - IRiphabliki yaseNingizimu Afrika
  • Ndbele: Sewula Afrika - IRiphabliki yeSewula Afrika
  • North Sotho: Afrika-Borwa - Rephaboliki ya Afrika-Borwa
  • Sotho: Afrika Borwa - Rephaboliki ya Afrika Borwa
  • Tswana: Aforika Borwa - Rephaboliki ya Aforika Borwa
  • Swazi: Ningizimu Afrika - IRiphabhulikhi yeNingizimu Afrika
  • Venda: Afurika Tshipembe - Riphabuḽiki ya Afurika Tshipembe
  • Tsonga: Afrika Dzonga - Riphabliki ra Afrika Dzonga

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


South Korea සැකිල්ල:Arrow Korea, Republic of

South Ossetia සැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states

 ස්පාඤ්ඤය - Kingdom of Spain
  • Spanish: España - Reino de España

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] Spain is divided in autonomous communities and cities./> The sovereignty over Ceuta, Isla de Alborán, Isla Perejil, Islas Chafarinas, Melilla and Peñón de Alhucemas is disputed by Morocco. The sovereignty over Olivenza and Táliga is disputed by පෘතුගාලය. Spain disputes the British sovereignty over Gibraltar.[9]


 ශ්‍රී ලංකාව - Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Tamil Eelam has a separatist government that controls part of Sri Lanka.(see source). It strives after an independent country but has not yet declared independence.


 සූඩානය - Republic of the Sudan

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Sudan is a federation[8] divided in states and it has one autonomous region, Southern Sudan, formed out of the Southern Sudanese states.[6]


 සුරිනාමය - Republic of Suriname
  • Dutch: Suriname - Republiek Suriname

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ස්වාසිලන්තය - Kingdom of Swaziland
  • English: Swaziland - Kingdom of Swaziland
  • Swazi: eSwatini - Umbuso weSwatini

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ස්වීඩනය - Kingdom of Sweden
  • Swedish: Sverige - Konungariket Sverige

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10]


 ස්විට්සර්ලන්තය - Swiss Confederation
  • German: Schweiz - Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft
  • French: Suisse - Confédération Suisse
  • Italian: Svizzera - Confederazione Svizzera
  • Raeto-Romance: Svizra - Confederaziun Svizra

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Switzerland is a federation[8] divided in cantons.


 සිරියාව - Syrian Arab Republic

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The Golan is occupied by Israel. Syria disputed the Turkish sovereignty over Hatay Province.[9]


T[සංස්කරණය]


China, Republic of (commonly known as "Taiwan") සැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states

 ටජිකිස්තානය - Republic of Tajikistan

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Tajikistan has an autonomous province, Gorno-Badakhshan.[6]


 ටැන්සානියාව - United Republic of Tanzania
  • Swahili: Tanzania - Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Tanzania is a federacy with an autonomous status for Zanzibar.[6]


 තායිලන්තය - Kingdom of Thailand

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


Timor-Leste සැකිල්ල:Arrow East Timor

 ටොගෝ - Togolese Republic
  • French: Togo - République Togolaise

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ටොන්ගා - Kingdom of Tonga
  • Tongan: Tonga - Pule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga
  • English: Tonga - Kingdom of Tonga

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


Transnistria සැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states

 ට්‍රිනිඩෑඩ් සහ ටොබැගෝ - Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
  • English: Trinidad and Tobago - Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Trinidad and Tobago has an autonomous island, Tobago.[6]


 ටියුනීසියාව - Tunisian Republic

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 තුර්කිය - Republic of Turkey
  • Turkish: Türkiye - Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The Turkish sovereignty over the Hatay Province is disputed by Syria[9]


 ටර්ක්මෙනිස්තානය
  • Turkmenian: Türkmenistan

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 ටුවාලු
  • Tuvaluan and English: Tuvalu

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Tuvalu is a Commonwealth Realm.[5]


U[සංස්කරණය]


 උගන්ඩාව - Republic of Uganda
  • English: Uganda - Republic of Uganda
  • Swahili: Uganda - Jamhuri ya Uganda

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 යුක්රේනය

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Ukraine has an autonomous republic, සැකිල්ල:රටේ දත්ත Crimea.[6]


 එක්සත් අරාබි එමිරේට්ස් - United Arab Emirates

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The United Arab Emirates is a federation[8] divided into emirates.


 එක්සත් රාජධානිය - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • English: United Kingdom - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Welsh: Teyrnas Gyfunol Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN and the EU.[10] The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth Realm[5] comprising four countries/ home nations.

The United Kingdom has the following overseas territories:

The British Crown has sovereignty over


 ඇමරිකානු එක්සත් ජනපද
  • English: United States of America

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The United States is a federation[8] divided in states, a federal district, and one territory. The United States has sovereignty over the following (inhabited) territories and commonwealths

Besides these, there are uninhabited territories in the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea: Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Islands, Palmyra Atoll, Wake Island (disputed by the Marshall Islands) as well as Navassa Island (disputed by Haiti).[9] Of these only Palmyra Atoll is fully incorporated and considered a part of the US. The Cuban area of Guantánamo Bay is as the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base under the permanent control (with no claim of sovereignty) of the United States which pays rent under terms of treaties with Cuba.


 උරුගුවේ - Eastern Republic of Uruguay
  • Spanish: Uruguay - República Oriental del Uruguay

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 උස්බෙකිස්තානය - Republic of Uzbekistan

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Uzbekistan has an autonomous republic, සැකිල්ල:රටේ දත්ත Karakalpakstan.[6]


V[සංස්කරණය]


 වනුටු - Republic of Vanuatu
  • Bislama: Vanuatu - Ripablik blong Vanuatu
  • English: Vanuatu - Republic of Vanuatu
  • French: Vanuatu - République du Vanuatu

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 වතිකානු පුරය - State of the Vatican City
  • Latin: Civitas Vaticana - Status Civitatis Vaticanæ
  • Italian: Città del Vaticano - Stato della Città del Vaticano

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized country.[43] Vatican City is administered by a President of the Government appointed by the Pope, with the latter being the head of the Holy See, and therefore ex officio sovereign of Vatican City.
The Holy See also administers a number of extraterritorial properties in Italy.


 වෙනිසියුලාව - Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  • Spanish: Venezuela - República Bolivariana de Venezuela

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Venezuela is a federation[8] divided in states, one federal dependency and one federal district.


 වියට්නාමය - Socialist Republic of Vietnam
  • Vietnamese: Việt Nam - Cộng hòa Xã hội Chủ nghĩa Việt Nam

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. Vietnam claims sovereignty over the Paracel Islands[22] and the Spratly Islands.[13]


W[සංස්කරණය]


Western Sahara සැකිල්ල:Arrow Other states

Y[සංස්කරණය]


 යේමනය - Republic of Yemen

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN. The Yemenite sovereignty over Socotra is disputed by Somalia.[9]


Z[සංස්කරණය]


 සැමිබියාව - Republic of Zambia
  • English: Zambia - Republic of Zambia

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.


 සිම්බාබ්වේ - Republic of Zimbabwe
  • English: Zimbabwe - Republic of Zimbabwe

සැකිල්ල:ExtentWidely recognized member of the UN.



අනෙකුත් රාජ්‍යයන්[සංස්කරණය]

This annex lists states that claim sovereignty and have control over (part of) its claimed territory, but due to disputes over their legitimacy, do not have normal diplomatic relations with the majority of sovereign states. Entities considered to be micronations are not included.


 අබ්ගාසියාව: අබ්ගාසියා සමූහාණ්ඩුව

සැකිල්ල:ExtentDe facto independent state only recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, South Ossetia and Transnistria.[44] Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.


 කොසෝවෝ - කොසෝවෝ සමූහාණ්ඩුව
  • Albanian: Kosovës - Republika e Kosovës
  • Serbian: Косово - Република Косово සැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentDe facto independent state that is recognised by සැකිල්ල:Kosovorecognition UN member states and by the Republic of China. Party to the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA). Claimed in whole by the Republic of Serbia as part of its Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. In turn, the Republic of Kosovo claims the part of Kosovo controlled by the Republic of Serbia and still administered by the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK).


 නගෝර්නෝ-කරබාක් - නගෝර්නෝ-කරබාක් ජනරජය
  • Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ - Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Հանրապետությունසැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentDe facto independent state that has not been diplomatically recognized by any other state. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Azerbaijan.[45]


 උතුරු සයිප්‍රසය - උතුරු සයිප්‍රස තුර්කි සමූහාණ්ඩුව
  • Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs - Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti

සැකිල්ල:ExtentDe facto independent state that is recognised only by Turkey. It was accepted as an observer state of the Organization of the Islamic Conference under the name of the Turkish Cypriot State since 1979. In addition, the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan (the sovereign state that Nakhichevan belongs to) has not followed suit. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[46]


 පලස්තීන අධිකාරිය

සැකිල්ල:ExtentThe Palestinian territories are partially controlled by Israel and partially under control of the Palestinian Authority. Hamas has gained control of the Gaza Strip, but has not declared independence. Palestine has received a standing invitation to participate as observer at United Nations General Assembly and maintains a permanent observer mission at the UN Headquarters[47] The proposed State of Palestine is recognized by 103 countries.[48] In diplomatic relations, the proposed State of Palestine is represented by the Palestinian Authority.[තහවුරු​ කරන්න]


 සෝමාලිලන්තය - සෝමාලිලන්ත සමූහාණ්ඩුව
  • Somali: Soomaaliland - Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland
  • Arabic: ارض الصومال - جمهورية ارض الصومال සැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentDe facto independent state not diplomatically recognized by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.[49]


 දකුණු ඔසේටියාව - දකුණු ඔසේටියා සමූහාණ්ඩුව

සැකිල්ල:ExtentDe facto independent state only recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.[44]


 තායිවානය - චීන සමූහාණ්ඩුව[17]

සැකිල්ල:ExtentDe facto independent state; de jure the Republic of China, a polity regarded by the People's Republic of China to be its defunct (and no longer legitimate) predecessor state. In addition to Taiwan, the Republic of China also governs part of the Spratly Islands[13] and has not renounced claims over the territory of the PRC and Mongolia.[51] . The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China.[21] The Republic of China participates in a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly Chinese Taipei.


 ට්‍රානිස්ට්‍රියා - ට්‍රානිස්ට්‍රියානු මෝල්ඩෝවියානු සමූහාණ්ඩුව (Pridnestrovie, Trans-Dniester)
  • Russian: Приднестровье: Приднестровская Молдавская Республикаසැකිල්ල:Rom
  • Ukrainian: Придністров'я: Придністровська Молдавська Республікаසැකිල්ල:Rom
  • Moldovan: Нистря: Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэසැකිල්ල:Rom

සැකිල්ල:ExtentDe facto independent state, recognized only by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.[52]


 බටහිර සහරාව - සහරාවි අරාබි ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රීය සමූහාණ්ඩුව -

සැකිල්ල:ExtentDe facto independent state recognized by 46 other states. It is a member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of the Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Marocco. Its government resides in exile in Algeria.


මෙයද බලන්න[සංස්කරණය]

Other listings[සංස්කරණය]

ආශ්‍රිත[සංස්කරණය]

General references[සංස්කරණය]

Footnotes[සංස්කරණය]

  1. "State", pp. 512–3 in Penguin Dictionary of International Relations. Evans, Graham & Newnham, Jeffrey. 1998. (ISBN 0-14-051397-3). London: Penguin Books Ltd.
  2. The names of the items in the list are given in English and include both an English version of the short official names (e.g. Afghanistan) and an English version of the (longer) official names (e.g. Islamic Republic of Afghanistan), as well as the same names in the (de jure or de facto) official languages on national level of the entity. Main source for the names in the official languages are the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the CIA World Fact Book (both retrieved 14 August 2007). If needed, they have been transliterated into Romanized characters, but original scripts (such as Cyrillic or Chinese characters) are included. When possible, the Romanization preferred by the country has been used.The sources for both flag and names, official languages and Romanizations are the main articles on these entities. When other sources are used, these sources are mentioned. See for a gallery of flags Gallery of sovereign-state flags.
  3. Information is included on
  4. 4.0 4.1 More information on separatism can be found at the List of active autonomist and secessionist movements and the main articles.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 The Commonwealth Realms are members of the Commonwealth of Nations in which the head of state of the United Kingdom is head of state. The realms are sovereign states, see Sovereignty of the Realms.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 For more information on divisions with a high degree of autonomy, see the List of autonomous areas by country.
  7. Argentina is also named Argentine Nation for purposes of legislation.
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 8.12 8.13 8.14 8.15 8.16 8.17 8.18 8.19 8.20 8.21 8.22 More information on more or less federal structures can be found at a List of federations.
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 9.18 9.19 9.20 9.21 More information on territorial disputes can be found at the List of territorial disputes and the main articles.
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 10.17 10.18 10.19 10.20 10.21 10.22 10.23 10.24 10.25 10.26 The member countries of the යුරෝපියානු සංගමය transferred part of their sovereignty in the form of legislative, executive, and judicial powers to the institutions of the EU
  11. Formerly referred to as Dahomey, its official name until 1975.
  12. See form more information about the division of Bosnia and Herzegovina Dayton Agreement and the text of the The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by People's Republic of China, the Republic of China, Vietnam, the Philippines (part), Malaysia (part), and Brunei (part). Except Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes).
  14. Also known as Burkina; formerly referred to as Upper Volta, its official name until 1984.
  15. The Burmese short name in Burmese writing system is not available in Wikipedia.
  16. The legal name for Canada is the sole word; an officially sanctioned, though disused, name is Dominion of Canada (which includes its legal title); see: Name of Canada, Dominion.
  17. 17.0 17.1 The People's Republic of China (PRC) is commonly referred to as චීනය, while the Republic of China (ROC) is commonly referred to as Taiwan. The ROC is also diplomatically occasionally known as Chinese Taipei or other names.
  18. The People's Republic of China is currently not recognized by 23 countries and Vatican City which recognise the Republic of China, see PRC's diplomatic relations, Foreign relations of the PRC.
  19. Special administrative region of Hong Kong is a [[special administrative region (People's Republic of China)|]] of the People's Republic of China. It is often diplomatically known as Hong Kong, China.
  20. .Special administrative region of Macau is a Special administrative region of the People's Republic of China. It is diplomatically known as Macau, China.
  21. 21.0 21.1 In 1949, during the Chinese Civil War, the Republic of China government under the Kuomintang (KMT) of Chiang Kai-shek lost control of mainland China to the Communist Party of China (CPC) under Mao Zedong and relocated to the island of Taiwan. The CPC established the PRC. As such, the political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the ROC lost the China seat at the United Nations to the PRC: most states recognize or acknowledge the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN reckons the former as Taiwan, Province of China. The ROC is currently recognized by the Holy See and සැකිල්ල:ROCrecognition UN member states and has de facto international relations with most others. The moniker Republic of Taiwan is proposed by supporters of Taiwan independence.
  22. 22.0 22.1 The Chinese sovereignty over the Paracel Islands is disputed by Vietnam and the Republic of China (see List of territorial disputes).
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 The sovereignty over Kashmir is disputed by India and Pakistan, smaller parts are disputed by the People's Republic of China (and the Republic of China). De facto Kashmir is divided between India, Pakistan and China. See the List of territorial disputes.
  24. Abbreviated as DRC, and also known as Congo-Kinshasa; also formerly referred to as Zaire, its official name from 1971 to 1997.
  25. Cyprus is recognized by all countries except Turkey, see Foreign relations of Cyprus
  26. A simpler official short-form name has been encouraged by the Czech government: the English variant Czechia remains uncommon, but variants in Czech (Česko) and some other languages are more popular. See Names of the Czech Republic
  27. The government of East Timor uses Timor-Leste as English translation.
  28. Hindustani uses both the Hindi and Urdu script
  29. Source for the romanization is Geonames.
  30. Åland It was demilitarised by the Treaty of Paris in 1856, which was later affirmed by the League of Nations in 1921, and in a somewhat different context reaffirmed in the treaty on Finland's admission to the යුරෝපියානු සංගමය in 1995.
  31. See List of active autonomist and secessionist movements.
  32. Source: Iraqi constitution
  33. Ireland is often referred to as the Republic of Ireland (its official description but not its name). Sometimes this is done to distinguish Ireland from island of Ireland as a whole. However, sometimes it is done for political reasons and is contentious.
  34. Israel is currently non-recognized by 34 countries, see Foreign relations of Israel.
  35. The translation of Nihon-koku was found at the Afrikaans Wikipedia.
  36. Though the sovereignty of the Republic of Macedonia is not disputed, Greece disputes its name. Therefore, the republic is referred to by the UN and a number of countries and international organizations as "the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
  37. Some argue that Albanian is the second official language, others argue that Albanian is not used as a second official language. See for more information සාකච්ඡාව:Republic of Macedonia. See also Macedonian language naming dispute.
  38. Moldovan is often considered to be the same language as Romanian, see Moldovan language.
  39. E.g. the Federal Republic of Germany has diplomatic relations with the Cook Islands, Source: German foreign ministry, retrieved 14 August 2007. For more information: Foreign relations of the Cook Islands
  40. Tokelau remains a dependent territory after referendums. Source: New Zealand Herald, retrieved 8 August 2008
  41. The continent of Antarctica, including its outlying islands south of 60°S, are held in abeyance under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty. All claims are suspended. Claiming countries are Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom. There is also an informal Brazilian claim.
  42. Whether or not the Russian Federation is a genuine federation is a matter of dispute. See: Russian Federation section.
  43. The Holy See, a sovereign entity recognized by 176 countries, administers the territory of Vatican City; the Holy See is a permanent observer of the UN. Vatican City's foreign relations are handled by the Holy See.
  44. 44.0 44.1 "Russia condemned for recognizing rebel regions". CNN.com. 2008-08-26. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/08/26/russia.vote.georgia/index.html. සම්ප්‍රවේශය කෙරුණු දිනය 2008-08-26. 
  45. See Regions and territories: Nagorno-Karabakh (17 January 2006). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  46. See The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  47. Source for observership: UN Website.
  48. See for more information Proposals for a Palestinian state.
  49. See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  50. Romanization in Tongyong Pinyin.
  51. "Ma refers to China as ROC territory in magazine interview". Taipei Times. 2008-10-08. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2008/10/08/2003425320. 
  52. 'See Regions and territories: Trans-Dniester (13 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
සැකිල්ල:Lists of countries