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විකිපීඩියා වෙතින්

ඛණ්ඩාංක: 22°10′N 113°33′E / 22.167°N 113.550°E / 22.167; 113.550

Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Cantonese Yale romanisation:Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Oumún Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
Portuguese:Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Location of Macau within China
Location of Macau within China
Sovereign stateChina
Portuguese lease1557
Treaty of Peking1 December 1887
Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration26 March 1987
Transfer from Portugal20 December 1999
Largest parish
by population
Nossa Senhora de Fátima
Official languages
Ethnic groups
88.4% Han Chinese
4.6% Filipino
2.4% Vietnamese
1.7% Portuguese
2.8% Others[3]
Demonym(s)Macau[lower-alpha 3]
GovernmentDevolved executive-led government within a unitary one-party state[6]
Ho Iat-seng
André Cheong Weng-chon
Kou Hoi In (zh)
Sam Hou Fai
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
National representation
12 deputies
29 delegates[7]
• Total
115.3 km2 (44.5 sq mi)
• Water (%)
Highest elevationප්‍රකාශන දෝෂය: අනපේක්‍ෂිත * මෙහෙයුම්කාරකය m (ප්‍රකාශන දෝෂය: අනපේක්‍ෂිත / මෙහෙයුම්කාරකය ft)
• 2021 estimate
• Density
21,340/km2 (55,270.3/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
$40.4 billion[8]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$23.4 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2013)35[9]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.922[lower-alpha 4]
very high · 17th
CurrencyMacanese pataca (MOP)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (Macau Standard Time)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Mains electricity220 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft
Calling code+853
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD
Licence plate prefixesNone for local vehicles, 粤Z for cross-boundary vehicles

මකාවෝ යනු, මහජන චීන ජනරජයේ විශේෂ පරිපාලන භූමිප්‍රදේශ දෙක අතුරින් එකක් වන අතර, අනෙක වන්නේ හොංකොංය.



  1. 1.0 1.1 No specific variety of Chinese is official in the territory. Residents predominantly speak Cantonese, the de facto regional standard.
  2. 2.0 2.1 For all government use, documents written using Traditional Chinese characters are authoritative over ones inscribed with Simplified Chinese characters. Portuguese shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings.
  3. The Macanese people are a distinct ethnic group of mixed Asian and European heritage (predominantly Cantonese and Portuguese).[4] Attempts by the Portuguese colonial government in the mid-1990s to change this definition in the Portuguese and English languages ultimately failed.[5]
  4. The UN does not calculate the HDI of Macau. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI.[10]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Macau" සංරක්ෂණය කළ පිටපත 24 ජනවාරි 2021 at the Wayback Machine. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Basic Law Chapter I Article 9.
  3. Population By-Census 2016, p. 6.
  4. "What are the characteristics of Macanese people?". Macau Daily Times. 10 October 2012. 16 November 2018 දින මුල් පිටපත වෙතින් සංරක්ෂණය කරන ලදී. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 14 February 2018.
  5. Clayton, Cathryn H. (2010). Sovereignty at the Edge: Macau & the Question of Chineseness. Harvard University Press. pp. 110113. ISBN 978-0674035454.
  6. "China (People's Republic of) 1982 (rev. 2004)". Constitute project. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 25 August 2019.
  7. "Local NPC Deputies' Election Slated for Dec 17". Macau News. 27 November 2017. 3 January 2018 දින පැවති මුල් පිටපත වෙතින් සංරක්ෂිත පිටපත. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 1 January 2018.
  8. "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2022". International Monetary Fund. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 13 October 2022.
  9. "The World Factbook". CIA.gov. Central Intelligence Agency. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 19 October 2019.
  10. Macao in Figures 2021, p. 4.

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