බෙංගාලි භාෂාව

විකිපීඩියා වෙතින්
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Bengali
Bangla
বাংলা
বাংলা.svg
"Bangla" in Bengali script
උච්චාරණයසැකිල්ල:IPA-bn
ස්වදේශික වන්නේBangladesh and India
කලාපයBengal
ජන වර්ගයBengalis
ස්වදේශික හසුරුවන්නන්
230 million (2011–2017)[1][2]
L2 speakers: 37 million[1]
ආදි ස්වරූප
උපභාෂා
Bengali-Assamese Script (Bengali alphabet)
Bengali Braille
Bengali signed forms[3]
නිල තත්ත්වය
නිල භාෂාව වන ජාතිය
 බංග්ලාදේශය (national)

 ඉන්දියාව

යාමනය කරනු ලබන්නේBangla Academy (in Bangladesh)
Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi (in India)
භාෂා කේත
ISO 639-1bn
ISO 639-2ben
ISO 639-3ben
ග්ලොටෝලොග්beng1280[5]
Bengalispeaking region.png
Bengali-speaking region in the Indian subcontinent.
මෙම ලිපියෙහි IPA ෆෝනටික සංකේත ඇතුළත් වේ. නිසි පරිවර්තන සහාය නොමැති විට, යුනිකේත අක්ෂර වෙනුවට ඔබට ප්‍රශ්නාර්ථ ලකුණු, කොටු, හෝ වෙනත් සංකේත දර්ශනය විය හැක. IPA සංකේත පිළිබඳ හැඳින්වීම් මාර්ගෝපදේශනයක් සඳහා, Help:IPA බලන්න.
ලිපි මාලාවක කොටසක් වන
බෙංගාලීන්
Montage of Bengal.jpg

Bengali (/bɛŋˈɡɔːli/),[6] also known by its endonym Bangla (বাংলা සැකිල්ල:IPA-bn), is an Indo-Aryan language and the lingua franca of the Bengal region of Indian subcontinent. It is the most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and the second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, after Hindi. With approximately 228 million native speakers and another 37 million as second language speakers,[1][7] Bengali is the fifth most-spoken native language and the seventh most spoken language by total number of speakers in the world.[8][9]

Notes[සංස්කරණය]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 බෙංගාලි භාෂාව at Ethnologue (22nd ed., 2019)
  2. "Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 November 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  3. "Bangla Sign Language Dictionary". www.scribd.com. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  4. "Jharkhand gives second language status to Magahi, Angika, Bhojpuri and Maithili". The Avenue Mail. 21 March 2018. Archived from the original on 28 March 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  5. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert et al., eds (2013). "Bengali". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. http://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/beng1280. 
  6. Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh
  7. Hays, Jeffrey. "BENGALIS – Facts and Details". factsanddetails.com. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  8. "The World Factbook". www.cia.gov (in ඉංග්‍රීසි). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  9. "Summary by language size". Ethnologue (in ඉංග්‍රීසි). 3 October 2018. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2019.

References[සංස්කරණය]

  • Haldar, Gopal (2000). Languages of India. National Book Trust, India. ISBN 978-81-237-2936-7. 
  • Hayes, B; Lahiri, A (1991). "Bengali intonational phonology". Natural Language & Linguistic Theory. 9: 47. doi:10.1007/BF00133326. S2CID 170109876.
  • Keith, Arthur Berriedale (1998). The Sanskrit Drama. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 978-81-208-0977-2. 
  • Khan, Sameer ud Dowla (2010). "Bengali (Bangladeshi Standard)". Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 40 (2): 221–225. doi:10.1017/S0025100310000071.
  • Klaiman, MH (1987). "Bengali". මෙම කෘතිය තුල: Comrie, Bernard. The World's Major Languages. Croon Helm, London and Sydney. ISBN 978-0-19-506511-4. https://archive.org/details/worldsmajorlangu0000unse. 
  • Masica, Colin P. (1991). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0-521-23420-7. 
  • Radice, W (1994). Teach Yourself Bengali: A Complete Course for Beginners. NTC/Contemporary Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-8442-3752-7. 
  • Ray, P; Hai, MA; Ray, L (1966). Bengali language handbook. Center for Applied Linguistics, Washington. 
  • Sen, Dineshchandra (1996). Bengali Language and Literature. International Centre for Bengal Studies, Calcutta. ISBN 978-81-7023-504-0. 
  • Shah, Natubhai (1998). Jainism: The World of Conquerors. Sussex Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-898723-31-8. 
  • Tagore, Rabindranath; Das, Sisir Kumar (1996). The English Writings of Rabindranath Tagore. Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 978-81-260-0094-4. 
  • Wilson, A.J.; Dalton, D. (1982). The States of South Asia: Problems of National Integration. Essays in Honour of W.H. Morris-Jones. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-1183-9. 
  • Bonazzi, E (2008). Grammatica Bengali. Bologna: Libreria Bonomo Editrice. ISBN 978-88-6071-017-8. 
  • Shaw, Rameswar Sadharan Bhasabigna O Bangal Bhasa, Pustak Bipani, Kolkata, 1997.
  • Haldar, Narayan Bengali Bhasa Prsanga: Banan Kathan Likhanriti, Pustak Bipani, Kolkata, 2007.
  • Toulmin, Mathew W S (2009), From Linguistic to Sociolinguistic Reconstruction: The Kamta Historical Subgroup of Indo-Aryan, Pacific Linguistics 

Further reading[සංස්කරණය]

  • Thompson, Hanne-Ruth (2012). Bengali. Volume 18 of London Oriental and African Language Library. John Benjamins Publishing. ISBN 90-272-7313-8.

External links[සංස්කරණය]

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සැකිල්ල:Bengali language topics සැකිල්ල:Languages of Bangladesh

සැකිල්ල:Eastern Indo-Aryan languages

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