|Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library,|
A floral illustration on page 32
|Also known as||Beinecke MS 408|
|Date||unknown, parchment dated to early 15th century|
|Place of origin||possibly Italy|
possibly natural or constructed language
a very small number of words were found in Latin and High German
Wilfrid Voynich himself,
Jakub of Tepenec,
Antonio Averlino Filarete,
Anthony Ascham etc.
|Size||≈ 23.5 cm × 16.2 cm × 5 cm (9.3 in × 6.4 in × 2.0 in)|
|Format||one column in the page body, with slightly indented right margin and with paragraph divisions, and often with stars in the left margin;|
the rest of the manuscript appears in the form of graphics i.e. diagrams or markings for certain parts related to illustrations;
the manuscript contains foldable parts
|Condition||partially damaged and incomplete;|
240 out of 272 pages found (≈ 88%)
i.e. 18 out of 20 quires found
(272 pages i.e. 20 quires is the smallest estimated number, and it contains > 170,000 characters)
possibly an invented script
very small number of words found in Latin script
|Contents||herbal, astronomical, balneological, cosmological and pharmaceutical sections + section with recipes|
|Illumination(s)||color ink, a bit crude, was used for painting the figures, probably later than the time of creation of the text and the outlines themselves|
|Exemplar(s)||two manuscript copies which Baresch sent twice to Kircher in Rome|
|Previously kept||? → Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor → Jakub of Tepenec → Georg Baresch → Athanasius Kircher (copies) → Jan Marek Marci (Joannes Marcus Marci) → rector of Charles University in Prague → Athanasius Kircher → Pieter Jan Beckx → Wilfrid Voynich → Ethel Voynich → Anne Nill → Hans Peter Kraus → Yale|
|Discovered||earliest information about the existence comes from a letter that was found inside the covers of the manuscript, and it was written in either 1665 or 1666|
|Other||cryptography case which has not been solved or deciphered|
Voynich manuscript යනු හඳුනා නොගත්, බොහෝදුරට අර්ථශුන්ය writing system එකක් භාවිතා කරමින් අතින් ලියන ලද illustrated codex එකකි. මෙහි vellum පිටුවල කාබන් කාලනීර්ණය අනුව මෙය පසලොස්වන (15) ශතවර්ෂයට (1404–1438) අයත් යැයි සැලකේ. සමහර පිටු අද දක්නට නොමැති මුත් දැනට පිටු 240 ක් ඉතිරිව පවතී.
- Steindl, Klaus; Sulzer, Andreas (2011). "The Voynich Code — The World's Mysterious Manuscript". Archived from the original (video) on March 9, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Stolte, Daniel (February 10, 2011). "Experts determine age of book 'nobody can read'". PhysOrg. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Landini 2001, pp. 275–295
- Tiltman 1967
- Kahn 1967, pp. 870–871
- "Philip Neal's analysis of Marci's grammar". Voynich Central. Archived from the original on October 7, 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Zandbergen, René. "Origin of the manuscript". Voynich.nu. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- "The New Signature of Horczicky and the Comparison of them all". Hurontaria.baf.cz. Archived from the original on 26 January 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
- Zandbergen, René (May 19, 2016). "Voynich MS – 17th Century letters related to the MS". Voynich.nu. Retrieved June 9, 2016.
- Pelling 2006
- SantaColoma, H. Richard. "New Atlantis Voynich Theory". Santa-coloma.net. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Barabe 2009
- Schmeh, Klaus (January–February 2011). "The Voynich Manuscript: The Book Nobody Can Read". Skeptical Inquirer. Retrieved June 8, 2016.
- Kennedy & Churchill 2004
- Schuster 2009, pp. 175–
- D'Imperio 1978
- Schinner, Andreas (April 2007). "The Voynich Manuscript: Evidence of the Hoax Hypothesis". Cryptologia. 31 (2): 95–107. doi:10.1080/01611190601133539. ISSN 0161-1194. S2CID 20016840.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Voynich manuscript ගැන තවත් දේ විකිපිඩියා සහෝදර ව්යාපෘති හරහා සොයාගන්න
|වික්ෂනරිය වෙතින් අර්ථ දැක්වීම්|
|කොමන්ස් වෙතින් ඡායාරූප හා මාධ්ය|
|විකිපොත් වෙතින් පෙළපොත්|
- The Voynich Manuscript from the digital collection of the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University
- The Voynich Manuscript at the Internet Archive
- Voynich Manuscript Voyager – navigating through high-resolution scans
- Voynich, a public-domain font based on Voynich 101, which was used to digitally transcribe the text
- Voynich Manuscript character navigator
- Dunning, Brian (April 5, 2011). "Skeptoid #252: The Voynich Manuscript". Skeptoid.