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ඔස්ට්‍රියාවේ එලිසබෙත් අධිරාජිනිය

විකිපීඩියා වෙතින්

බැවේරියාවේ එලිසබෙත්
Coronation photograph by Emil Rabending, 1867
ඔස්ට්‍රියාවේ වල්ලභ අධිරාජිනිය
හංගේරියාවේ වල්ලභ රැජින (more...)
නිල කාලය24 April 1854 – 10 September 1898
සිංහාසනාරූඪය8 June 1867, බුඩාපෙස්ට්
Queen consort of Lombardy-Venetia
නිල කාලය24 April 1854 – 12 October 1866
උපතබැවේරියාවේ එලිසබෙත් ආදිපාදවරිය
24 දෙසැම්බර් 1837(1837-12-24)
මියුනික්, බැවේරියා රාජධානිය
මරණය10 September 1898(1898-09-10) (වයස 60)
ජිනීවා, ස්විට්සර්ලන්තය
භූමදානය17 සැප්තැම්බර් 1898
Imperial Crypt
වල්ලභයාFranz Joseph I of Austria (වි. 1854)
දරුවන්
සම්පූර්ණ නාමය
Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie
වංශයWittelsbach
පියාDuke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria
මවPrincess Ludovika of Bavaria
අත්සනබැවේරියාවේ එලිසබෙත්ගේ අත්සන

බැවේරියාවේ එලිසබෙත් අමාලී යුජිනී ආදිපාදවරිය (24 December 1837 – 10 September 1898) was Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary from her marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph I on 24 April 1854 until her assassination in 1898.

Elisabeth was born into the royal Bavarian House of Wittelsbach. Nicknamed Sisi (also Sissi),[1] she enjoyed an informal upbringing before marrying Emperor Franz Joseph I at the age of sixteen. The marriage thrust her into the much more formal Habsburg court life, for which she was unprepared and which she found uncongenial. Early in the marriage, she was at odds with her mother-in-law, Archduchess Sophie, who took over the rearing of Elisabeth's daughters, one of whom, Sophie, died in infancy. The birth of a son to the imperial couple, Crown Prince Rudolf, improved Elisabeth's standing at court, but her health suffered under the strain. As a result, she would often visit Hungary for its more relaxed environment. She came to develop a deep kinship with Hungary and helped to bring about the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary in 1867.

The death of Elisabeth's only son and his mistress Mary Vetsera in a murder–suicide at his hunting lodge at Mayerling in 1889 was a blow from which the Empress never recovered. She withdrew from court duties and travelled widely, unaccompanied by her family. In 1890, she had the palace Achilleion built on the Greek island of Corfu. The palace featured an elaborate mythological motif and served as a refuge, which Elisabeth visited often. She was obsessively concerned with maintaining her youthful figure and beauty. In 1897, her sister, Sophie, died in an accidental fire at the Bazar de la Charité charity event in Paris. While travelling in Geneva in 1898, Elisabeth was mortally wounded by an Italian anarchist named Luigi Lucheni. Her tenure of 44 years was the longest of any Austrian empress.

References[සංස්කරණය]

  1. María Pilar Queralt del Hierro (14 මැයි 2019). "Life for this Bavarian princess was no fairy tale". History Magazine (ඉංග්‍රීසි බසින්). National Geographic Society. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 15 ජනවාරි 2020.
උපුටාදැක්වීම් දෝෂය: <references> හි "deburgh" නමැති <ref> ටැගය පෙර පෙළෙහි භාවිතා වූයේ නැත.

Bibliography[සංස්කරණය]

External links[සංස්කරණය]

විකිඋද්ධෘත සතුව පහත තේමාව සම්බන්ධයෙන් උද්ධෘත එකතුවක් ඇත:
ඔස්ට්‍රියාවේ එලිසබෙත් අධිරාජිනිය
උපත: 24 December 1837 මරණය: 10 September 1898
Austro-Hungarian royalty
හිස්
අවසන් වරට තනතුර දැරුවේ
Maria Anna of Savoy
Empress consort of Austria
Queen consort of Bohemia
Queen consort of Galicia and Lodomeria
Queen consort of Hungary
Queen consort of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia

1854–1898
හිස්
තනතුර ඊළඟට දැරුවේ
Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Queen consort of Lombardy-Venetia
1854–1866
Kingdom abolished

සැකිල්ල:Duchesses in Bavaria සැකිල්ල:Empresses of Austria සැකිල්ල:Hungarian consorts