|ඔස්ට්රියාවේ වල්ලභ අධිරාජිනිය|
හංගේරියාවේ වල්ලභ රැජින (more...)
|නිල කාලය||24 April 1854 – 10 September 1898|
|සිංහාසනාරූඪය||8 June 1867, බුඩාපෙස්ට්|
|Queen consort of Lombardy-Venetia|
|නිල කාලය||24 April 1854 – 12 October 1866|
|උපත||බැවේරියාවේ එලිසබෙත් ආදිපාදවරිය |
24 දෙසැම්බර් 1837
මියුනික්, බැවේරියා රාජධානිය
|මරණය||10 September 1898 (වයස 60) |
|භූමදානය||17 සැප්තැම්බර් 1898|
|වල්ලභයා||Franz Joseph I of Austria (වි. 1854)|
|පියා||Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria|
|මව||Princess Ludovika of Bavaria|
බැවේරියාවේ එලිසබෙත් අමාලී යුජිනී ආදිපාදවරිය (24 December 1837 – 10 September 1898) was Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary from her marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph I on 24 April 1854 until her assassination in 1898.
Elisabeth was born into the royal Bavarian House of Wittelsbach. Nicknamed Sisi (also Sissi), she enjoyed an informal upbringing before marrying Emperor Franz Joseph I at the age of sixteen. The marriage thrust her into the much more formal Habsburg court life, for which she was unprepared and which she found uncongenial. Early in the marriage, she was at odds with her mother-in-law, Archduchess Sophie, who took over the rearing of Elisabeth's daughters, one of whom, Sophie, died in infancy. The birth of a son to the imperial couple, Crown Prince Rudolf, improved Elisabeth's standing at court, but her health suffered under the strain. As a result, she would often visit Hungary for its more relaxed environment. She came to develop a deep kinship with Hungary and helped to bring about the dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary in 1867.
The death of Elisabeth's only son and his mistress Mary Vetsera in a murder–suicide at his hunting lodge at Mayerling in 1889 was a blow from which the Empress never recovered. She withdrew from court duties and travelled widely, unaccompanied by her family. In 1890, she had the palace Achilleion built on the Greek island of Corfu. The palace featured an elaborate mythological motif and served as a refuge, which Elisabeth visited often. She was obsessively concerned with maintaining her youthful figure and beauty. In 1897, her sister, Sophie, died in an accidental fire at the Bazar de la Charité charity event in Paris. While travelling in Geneva in 1898, Elisabeth was mortally wounded by an Italian anarchist named Luigi Lucheni. Her tenure of 44 years was the longest of any Austrian empress.
- María Pilar Queralt del Hierro (14 මැයි 2019). "Life for this Bavarian princess was no fairy tale". History Magazine (ඉංග්රීසි බසින්). National Geographic Society. සම්ප්රවේශය 15 ජනවාරි 2020.
<references>හි "deburgh" නමැති
<ref>ටැගය පෙර පෙළෙහි භාවිතා වූයේ නැත.
- Nicole Avril: L'impératrice, Paris, 1993 (ISBN 2253137308)
- Jennifer Bowers Bahney: Stealing Sisi's Star: How a master thief nearly got away with Austria's most famous jewel, (McFarland & Co., 2015 (ISBN 078649722X)
- Philippe Collas: Louis II de Bavière et Elisabeth d'Autriche, âmes sœurs, Éditions du Rocher, Paris/Monaco 2001 (ISBN 978-2268038841)
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). "Elizabeth of Austria". එන්සයික්ලොපීඩියා බ්රිටැනිකා (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Constantin Christomanos: Diaries (Tagebuchblätter, several editions in Modern Greek, German, French) (ISBN 3458332367)
- Count Corti: Elizabeth, Empress of Austria (Thornton Butterworth: 1936) (සැකිල්ල:OL)
- Barry Denenburg: The Royal Diaries: Elisabeth, The Princess Bride (සැකිල්ල:OL)
- Stefan Haderer: Im Schatten Homers. Kaiserin Elisabeth in Griechenland. (NeoPubli: 2021) (ISBN 978-3754157008)
- Stefan Haderer: Under the Spell of a Myth: Empress Sisi in Greece (KDP Publishing: 2022) (ISBN 979-8844219504)
- Stefan Haderer: "Where an Empress used to lodge: Imperial Residences of Empress Elisabeth of Austria", Royalty Digest Quarterly, Vol. 01/2009, Rosvall Royal Books, Falköping 2009 (සැකිල්ල:ISSN) (44 pp.).
- Stefan Haderer: 'Empress Elisabeth's Final Odyssey", European Royal History Journal, Issue 64, Vol. 11.4, August 2008, Eurohistory, Arturo Beéche, East Richmond Heights, Calif.
- Brigitte Hamann: The Reluctant Empress: A Biography of Empress Elisabeth of Austria (Knopf: 1986) (ISBN 0394537173) (410pp.).
- Brigitte Hamann: Sissi, Elisabeth, Empress of Austria (Taschen America: 1997) (ISBN 3822878650) (short, illustrated).
- Ann Nibbs: The Elusive Empress (Youwriteon.com: 2008) (ISBN 978-1849231305) (372pp).
- Maura E. Hametz and Heidi Schlipphacke: 'Sissi's World: The Empress Elisabeth in Memory and Myth' (Bloomsbury: 2018) (ISBN 978-1501313448) (408 pp.).
- Matt Pavelich: Our Savage (Shoemaker & Hoard: 2004) (ISBN 159376023X) (270 pp.).
- Matteo Tuveri: "Elizabeth of Austria: A Beauvoirian perspective", Simone de Beauvoir Studies, Volume 24, 2007–2008, Published by the Simone de Beauvoir Society (California)
- Matteo Tuveri: Sissi: Myth and history, Journal Eco delle Dolomiti, Pinzolo (TN), Italy.
- Matteo Tuveri: Sissi becomes Lissy, L'Unione Sarda, 6 gennaio 2009, p. 40, Cagliari
- Matteo Tuveri: Specchi ad angoli obliqui. Diario poetico di Elisabetta d'Austria, Aracne, Rome, 2006 (ISBN 8854807419)
- Matteo Tuveri: Tabularium. Considerazioni su Elisabetta d'Austria, Aracne, Rome, 2007 (ISBN 978-8854811485)
- Empress Elisabeth – Sisi
- Web site of the Italian biographer Matteo Tuveri: www.matteotuveri.it
- Sisi Museum of Vienna සංරක්ෂණය කළ පිටපත 2 මාර්තු 2021 at the Wayback Machine
- YouTube: Inner visit to Sisi Museum in Hofburg Palace, Vienna (min. 3:30)
- Empress Elisabeth at Tripod.com
- Sissi: myth and history – by Matteo Tuveri
- Elisabeth as a Young Mother and Wife
- The Empress was Assassinated
- What Happened to the Young Elisabeth at the Wedding night?
- The Land of Queen Elisabeth – The Royal Palace of Gödöllő
ඔස්ට්රියාවේ එලිසබෙත් අධිරාජිනියඋපත: 24 December 1837 මරණය: 10 September 1898
අවසන් වරට තනතුර දැරුවේMaria Anna of Savoy
|Empress consort of Austria
Queen consort of Bohemia
Queen consort of Galicia and Lodomeria
Queen consort of Hungary
Queen consort of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia
තනතුර ඊළඟට දැරුවේZita of Bourbon-Parma
|Queen consort of Lombardy-Venetia