|Life restoration of Dinornis novaezealandiae|
යෝධ මෝවා (Dinornis) යනු දැනට මිහිතලයෙන් සම්පූර්ණයෙන් සමුගෙන ඇත් මෝ පවුලට අයත් කුරුල්ලෙකි. මෙම කුරුල්ලා පියාඹීමට නොහැකි කුරුලු විශේෂයකි.
මොවුන් ඉතා උස කුරුළු විශේෂයකි,වැඩුනු ගැහැණු සතකුගේ උස මීටර 3.6 නොහොත් අඩි 12 පමණ උසින් යුක්තවිය.බර කිලෝ ග්රෑම් 278 පමණ විය in various estimates. Feather remains are reddish brown and hair-like, and apparently covered most of the body except the lower legs and most of the head (plus a small portion of the neck below the head). The feet were large and powerful, and the birds had a long neck that allowed them to reach tall vegetation. In relation to its body, the head was small, with a pointed, short, flat and somewhat curved beak.
The giant moa, along with other moa genera, were wiped out by human colonists who hunted it for food. All taxa in this genus were extinct by 1500 in New Zealand. It is reliably known that the Māori still hunted them at the beginning of the fifteenth century, driving them into pits and robbing their nests. Although some birds became extinct due to farming, for which the forests were cut and burned down and the ground was turned into arable land, the giant moa had been extinct for 300 years prior to the arrival of European settlers. [තහවුරු කරන්න]
Three species of Dinornis were long considered valid:
- D. giganteus = D. robustus,
- D. novaezealandiae.
They have recently turned out to be males (struthioides) and females of only two species, one each formerly occurring on New Zealand's North Island (D. novaezealandiae) and South Island (D. robustus); the North Island specimens, however, contain 3 distinct genetic lineages and may eventually be classified as new species (Baker et al., 2005).
- Campbell Jr., K. & Marcus, L. (1992)
- Huynen, L. J., et al. (2003)
- Bunce, M., et al. (2003)
- Amadon, D. (1947). "An estimated weight of the largest known bird". Condor 49: 159–164.
- Baker, Allan J.; Huynen, Leon J.; Haddrath, Oliver; Millar, Craig D.; Lambert, David M. (2005). "Reconstructing the tempo and mode of evolution in an extinct clade of birds with ancient DNA: The giant moas of New Zealand" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102 (23): 8257–8262. doi:10.1073/pnas.0409435102. PMID 15928096. PMC 1149408. http://www.pnas.org/content/102/23/8257.full.pdf. ප්රතිෂ්ඨාපනය Feb 14 2011.
- Benes, Josef (1979) Prehistoric Animals and Plants London, UK: Hamlyn පි. 191 ISBN 978-0600303411
- Bunce, Michael; Worthy, Trevor H.; Ford, Tom; Hoppitt, Will; Willerslev, Eske; Drummond, Alexei; Cooper, Alan (2003). "Extreme reversed sexual size dimorphism in the extinct New Zealand moa Dinornis". Nature 425 (6954): 172–175. doi:10.1038/nature01871. PMID 12968178.
- Campbell, Jr., K. E.; Marcus, L. (1992). "The relationship of hindlimb bone dimensions to body weight in birds". Papers in avian paleontology honoring Pierce Brodkorb. Science (Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County) (36): 395–412.
- Huynen, Leon J.; Millar, Craig D.; Scofield, R. P.; Lambert, David M. (2003). "Nuclear DNA sequences detect species limits in ancient moa". Nature 425 (6954): 175–178. doi:10.1038/nature01838. PMID 12968179.
- Owen, Richard (1843). "On the remains of Dinornis, an extinct gigantic struthious bird". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 8–10, 144–146.
- South Island Giant Moa. Dinornis robustus. by Paul Martinson. Artwork produced for the book Extinct Birds of New Zealand, by Alan Tennyson, Te Papa Press, Wellington, 2006