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දීපා මේහ්තා

විකිපීඩියා වෙතින්

සැකිල්ල:Use Canadian English

Deepa Mehta
Deepa Mehta in 2005
උපත1 ජනවාරි 1950 (1950-01-01) (වයස 74)
රැකියාවFilm director, screenwriter, film producer
සක්‍රීය වසර1976–present
ප්‍රසිද්ධව ඇත්තේElements Trilogy
කලත්‍රයා(යන්)Paul Saltzman (වි. 1973; දි. 1983)
David Hamilton (– present)
දරුවන්Devyani Saltzman (daughter)
ඥාතීන්Dilip Mehta (brother)

Deepa Mehta, OC OOnt ([d̪iːpa ˈmeːɦt̪a] born 1 January 1950) is an Indo-Canadian film director and screenwriter, best known for her Elements Trilogy, Fire (1996), Earth (1998), and Water (2005).

Earth was submitted by India as its official entry for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, and Water was Canada's official entry for Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, making it only the third non-French-language Canadian film submitted in that category after Attila Bertalan's 1990 invented-language film A Bullet to the Head and Zacharias Kunuk's 2001 Inuktitut-language feature Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner.

She co-founded Hamilton-Mehta Productions, with her husband, producer David Hamilton in 1996. She was awarded a Genie Award in 2003 for the screenplay of Bollywood/Hollywood.[1] In May 2012, Mehta received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts.[2]

Early life[සංස්කරණය]

Mehta was born in Amritsar, Punjab[3] though her family moved to New Delhi while she was still a child, and her father worked as a film distributor. Subsequently, Mehta attended Welham Girls High School, boarding school in Dehradun on the foothills of Himalayas.[4] She graduated from the Lady Shri Ram College for Women, University of Delhi with a degree in Philosophy.[5]


After graduating Mehta began working for a production company that made documentary and educational films for the Indian government.[6] During the production of her first feature-length documentary focusing on the working life of a child bride,[6] she met and married Canadian documentary filmmaker Paul Saltzman, who was in India making a film. She migrated to Toronto to live with her husband in 1973.[7]

Once in Canada, Mehta and Saltzman along with Mehta's brother Dilip started Sunrise Films, a production company, initially producing documentaries but moved into television production creating the television series Spread Your Wings (1977–79) about the creative and artistic work of young people from around the world.[6] Additionally, Mehta directed several episodes of the Saltzman produced CBC drama Danger Bay (1984–90).[7]

Mehta also directed the documentaries At 99: A Portrait of Louise Tandy Murch (1975)[6] and Traveling Light (1986), the latter focusing on the work of Mehta's brother Dilip as a photojournalist. Traveling Light would go on to be nominated for three Gemini Awards. In 1987, based on the works of Alice Munro, Cynthia Flood and Betty Lambert, Mehta produced and co-directed Martha, Ruth and Edie. Screened at the Cannes International Film Festival, it would go on to win the Best Feature Film Award at the 11th International Film Festival in Florence in 1988.[6]

In 1991 she made her feature-film directorial debut with Sam & Me (starring Om Puri), a story of the relationship between a young Indian boy and an elderly Jewish gentleman in the Toronto neighbourhood of Parkdale. It broke the record at the time for the highest-budgeted film directed by a woman in Canada at $11 million.[7] It won Honorable Mention in the Camera d'Or category of the 1991 Cannes Film Festival. Mehta followed this with her film Camilla starring Bridget Fonda and Jessica Tandy in 1994. In 2002, she directed Bollywood/Hollywood, for which she won the Genie Award for Best Original Screenplay.[1]

Mehta directed two episodes of George Lucas' television series The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles.[8] The first episode, "Benares, January 1910", aired in 1993. The second episode was aired in 1996 as part of a TV movie titled Young Indiana Jones: Travels with Father.

Mehta directed several English-language films set in Canada, including The Republic of Love (2003) and Heaven on Earth (2008) which deals with domestic violence and has Preity Zinta playing the female lead. It premiered at the 2008 Toronto International Film Festival.[9] Also in 2008 Mehta produced the documentary The Forgotten Woman, directed by her brother Dilip.[7]

In 2015, Mehta wrote and directed the crime thriller Beeba Boys (2015), a film starring Randeep Hooda as Jeet Johar, a proud observant Sikh and a ruthless gangster. It premiered at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival.[10]

On 29 October 2020, Telefilm Canada announced that Metha's film Funny Boy (2020) would represent Canada in the Academy Awards race for best international feature film.[11]

Elements trilogy[සංස්කරණය]

Mehta is best known for her Elements TrilogyFire (1996), Earth (1998) (released in India as 1947: Earth), and Water (2005) — which won her much critical acclaim.[12] Some notable actors who have worked in this trilogy are Aamir Khan, Seema Biswas, Shabana Azmi, Kulbhushan Kharbanda, John Abraham, Rahul Khanna, Lisa Ray, and Nandita Das. These films are also notable for Mehta's collaborative work with author Bapsi Sidhwa. Sidhwa's novel Cracking India (1991, U.S.; 1992, India; originally published as Ice Candy Man, 1988, England) is the basis for Mehta's 1998 film Earth. Mehta's film Water was later published by Sidhwa as the 2006 novel Water: A Novel. All three films have soundtracks composed by A. R. Rahman.

Fire follows the love affair between two sisters-in-law whose own sexless marriages bring them together in a passionate romance. It caused controversy upon its release as several Hindutva groups took issue with its central lesbian romance, one that was seen to break traditional family and religious value within society, as there were protests in cities across India.[13] Internationally, the film was critically acclaimed and would go on to win the Most Popular Canadian Film at the Vancouver International Film Festival.[7] This was also the first feature length dramatic film which Mehta both wrote and directed, a practice which she would continue throughout the rest of her career.[6]

Earth focuses on the time before and during the Partition of India and Pakistan in 1947 and how the life of one family was uprooted by this historical event. The film resembled Mehta's own family history as her parents fled the newly created Pakistan in 1947 whilst Mehta herself was born in Punjab, not far from the Indian/Pakistan border.[6]

Water is the story of an eight-year-old child widow who is forced to enter a house of widows for the rest of her life. The film, meant to be shot in India, was attacked by Hindu fundamentalists who saw the film as disrespectful and who took issues with Mehta's earlier films and their portrayal of Hindu culture.[13] Riots broke out, sets were destroyed, and death threats were issued towards the actors and Mehta, forcing production to stop. The regional government then overruled the permission given from the central government to the production which allowed them to film in the holy city of Varanasi however,[13] four years later the movie was made in Sri Lanka.[14] Water opened the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 2006.[15]

Midnight's Children[සංස්කරණය]

Mehta collaborated on the screenplay for Midnight's Children with the novel's author, Salman Rushdie.[16][17][18] Indian American actor Satya Bhabha played the role of Saleem Sinai[19] while other roles were played by Shriya Saran, Seema Biswas, Shabana Azmi, Anupam Kher, Siddharth Narayan, Rahul Bose, Soha Ali Khan,[20] Shahana Goswami[21] and Darsheel Safary.[22]

The film was released on 9 September 2012 at Toronto International Film Festival[23] and would be nominated for Best Motion Picture along with 7 other nominations at the Canadian Screen Awards.[7]


Many of Mehta's films across her career have focused on the duality of her national and cultural identity which has informed much of her filmmaking as she has been described as the "quintessential transnational filmmaker".[24] With her childhood and heritage informing her of key Indian and Hindu traditions, she has been seen to compare these practices with a more "Westernized" philosophy that has often resulted in controversy.[13] The production of her film Water was delayed by protests from Hindu fundamentalists whilst several of her other films releases have seen boycotts across India, including the film Fire.[13]

Personal life[සංස්කරණය]

In Canada she met and married filmmaker Paul Saltzman whom she divorced in 1983. The couple have a daughter, Devyani Saltzman, an acclaimed author, curator and cultural critic.

Mehta is currently married to producer David Hamilton.[25] Her brother, Dilip Mehta, is a photojournalist and film director. He directed Cooking with Stella, which he co-wrote with Deepa.[5]

Mehta participated in a TV PSA for the charity Artists Against Racism, and is a member of the organization.[26]


Year Title Director Screenwriter Producer Notes
1975 At 99: A Portrait of Louise Tandy Murch ඔව් නැත නැත Documentary short film
1986 K.Y.T.E.S: How We Dream Ourselves ඔව් නැත ඔව් Documentary film
1988 Martha, Ruth and Edie ඔව් නැත ඔව් Directorial debut
1991 Sam & Me ඔව් නැත ඔව්
1994 Camilla ඔව් නැත නැත
1996 Fire ඔව් ඔව් ඔව්
1998 Earth ඔව් ඔව් ඔව්
2002 Bollywood/Hollywood ඔව් ඔව් නැත Also executive music producer
2003 The Republic of Love ඔව් ඔව් නැත
2005 Water ඔව් ඔව් නැත Also development consultant
2006 Let's Talk About It ඔව් නැත නැත Documentary film; direct-to-video
2008 The Forgotten Woman නැත ඔව් Executive Documentary film
Heaven on Earth ඔව් ඔව් Executive
2009 Cooking with Stella නැත ඔව් Executive
2012 Midnight's Children ඔව් ඔව් Executive Based on the novel by Salman Rushdie[16]
2015 Beeba Boys ඔව් ඔව් නැත [27]
2016 Mostly Sunny නැත ඔව් නැත Documentary film
Anatomy of Violence ඔව් නැත නැත
Fantassút නැත නැත ඔව් Documentary short film
The Big Crunch නැත නැත Associate Short film
2020 Violation නැත නැත Executive
2020 Funny Boy ඔව් ඔව් නැත Adaptation of the novel by Shyam Selvadurai

TV and web series[සංස්කරණය]

Year Title Director Screenwriter Executive
1976–1981 Spread Your Wings ඔව් ඔව් ඔව් Documentary:
director (4 episodes);
writer (episode "Child of the Andes");
executive producer (13 episodes);
production (2 episodes);
sound (10 episodes)
1989–1990 Danger Bay ඔව් නැත නැත 4 episodes
1993–1996 The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles ඔව් නැත නැත 2 episodes
2019 Leila ඔව් ඔව් Creative A Netflix original series based on a missing girl named leila:
director (2 episodes);
writer and creative executive producer (6 episodes)
2020 Little America ඔව් නැත නැත Episode "The Manager"

As actress[සංස්කරණය]

Year Title Role Notes
1983 For the Record Ranjeet Singh TV Series (episode "Reasonable Force")
1990 Jurm Cameo
Aashiqui Cameo
2005 Water Special Appearance


Year Award Category Work Result
2016 Toronto International Film Festival Best Canadian Feature Film Anatomy of Violence නිර්දේශිත
Valladolid International Film Festival Golden Spike – Best Film නිර්දේශිත
Washington DC South Asian Film Festival Outstanding Achievement in International Cinema දිනාගති
2015 Toronto Film Critics Association Awards Clyde Gilmour Award දිනාගති
Toronto International Film Festival Best Canadian Feature Film Beeba Boys නිර්දේශිත
2013 Canadian Screen Awards Achievement in Direction Midnight's Children නිර්දේශිත
Directors Guild of Canada DGC Team Award – Feature Film දිනාගති
2012 London Film Festival Best Film නිර්දේශිත
Valladolid International Film Festival Golden Spike – Best Film නිර්දේශිත
2009 Directors Guild of Canada DGC Team Award – Feature Film Heaven on Earth නිර්දේශිත
Genie Awards Best Screenplay, Original නිර්දේශිත
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Best Director – Canadian Film නිර්දේශිත
2008 Dubai International Film Festival Muhr AsiaAfrica Award: Best Scriptwriter – Feature දිනාගති
Muhr AsiaAfrica Award: Best Film – Feature නිර්දේශිත
2007 Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Silver Ribbon – Best Non-European Director Water නිර්දේශිත
Chlotrudis Awards Best Director නිර්දේශිත
Awards of the International Indian Film Academy Outstanding Achievement in International Cinema දිනාගති
2006 Genie Awards Best Achievement in Direction Water නිර්දේශිත
Oslo Films from the South Festival Silver Mirror Award – Best Feature දිනාගති
New York Film Critics Humanitarian Award දිනාගති
San Francisco International Asian American Film Festival Audience Award – Best Narrative Feature දිනාගති
Taormina International Film Festival Arte Award දිනාගති
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Best Director – Canadian Film දිනාගති
Women Film Critics Circle Awards Best Foreign Movie by or About Women දිනාගති
2005 Toronto Female Eye Film Festival Honorary Director Award දිනාගති
Valladolid International Film Festival Youth Jury Award Water දිනාගති
Golden Spike නිර්දේශිත
2003 Directors Guild of Canada DGC Team Award – Feature Film Bollywood/Hollywood දිනාගති
Genie Awards Best Screenplay, Original දිනාගති
Newport International Film Festival Student Jury Award දිනාගති
Sarasota Film Festival Audience Award – Best Comedy දිනාගති
Vancouver Film Critics Circle Best Director – Canadian Film නිර්දේශිත
1997 Paris Lesbian and Feminist Film Festival Best Feature Film Fire දිනාගති
L.A. Outfest Outstanding Narrative Feature දිනාගති
Verona Love Screens Film Festival Best Film දිනාගති
1996 Mannheim-Heidelberg International Filmfestival Special Prize of the Jury දිනාගති
International Independent Award නිර්දේශිත
Vancouver International Film Festival Most Popular Canadian Film දිනාගති
1976 Chicago International Film Festival Gold Hugo – Best Documentary At 99: A Portrait of Louise Tandy Murch නිර්දේශිත

In addition to her filmmaking awards, Mehta has received the following honors:

See also[සංස්කරණය]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Deepa Metha". Canadian Encyclopedia. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 3 ජූනි 2019.
  2. "Deepa Mehta biography". Governor General's Performing Arts Awards Foundation. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 12 පෙබරවාරි 2015.
  3. "The Canadian Encyclopedia bio". 4 දෙසැම්බර් 2008 දින මුල් පිටපත වෙතින් සංරක්ෂණය කරන ලදී.
  4. "Welham Girls' School". doonschools.com. 15 ඔක්තෝබර් 2006 දින මුල් පිටපත වෙතින් සංරක්ෂණය කරන ලදී. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 1 ඔක්තෝබර් 2007.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Beard. p 270
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 "Deepa Mehta – Celebrating Women's Achievements".
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 "Deepa Mehta".
  8. Intern (27 ජූනි 2012). "A Forbidden Hope". Boston Review (ඉංග්‍රීසි බසින්). සම්ප්‍රවේශය 11 මාර්තු 2021.
  9. "Toronto film festival to 'salute' Indian cinema". The Economic Times. 3 සැප්තැම්බර් 2008. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 7 සැප්තැම්බර් 2008.
  10. "Toronto to open with 'Demolition'; world premieres for 'Trumbo', 'The Program'". screendaily.com. Screen Daily. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 28 ජූලි 2015.
  11. "Deepa Mehta movie 'Funny Boy' chosen as Canada's Oscar contender". Global News (ඇමෙරිකානු ඉංග්‍රීසි බසින්). සම්ප්‍රවේශය 30 ඔක්තෝබර් 2020.
  12. Catsoulis, Jeannette (28 අප්‍රේල් 2006). "Movie Review: Water (2005): NYT Critics' Pick". New York Times.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 Burton, David F. "Fire, Water and The Goddess: The Films of Deepa Mehta and Satyajit Ray as Critiques of Hindu Patriarchy". Journal of Religion and Film. 17: 1–22.
  14. "Deepa Mehta: A director in deep water – all over again". The Independent. 19 මැයි 2006.
  15. http://tiff.net/CANADIANFILMENCYCLOPEDIA/content/films/water[permanent dead link]
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Rushdie visits Mumbai for 'Midnight's Children' film". Movies.indiatimes.com. 14 ජනවාරි 2010 දින මුල් පිටපත වෙතින් සංරක්ෂණය කරන ලදී. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 3 මාර්තු 2011.
  17. Subhash K Jha (13 ජනවාරි 2010). "I'm a film buff: Rushdie". The Times of India. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 3 මාර්තු 2011.
  18. Mendes, Ana Cristina; Kuortti, Joel (21 දෙසැම්බර් 2016). "Padma or No Padma: Audience in the Adaptations of Midnight's Children". The Journal of Commonwealth Literature (ඉංග්‍රීසි බසින්). 52 (3): 501–518. doi:10.1177/0021989416671171. hdl:10451/29281. ISSN 0021-9894. S2CID 164759708.
  19. "Deepa finds Midnight's Children lead". Times of India. 21 අගෝස්තු 2010. 3 මැයි 2012 දින මුල් පිටපත වෙතින් සංරක්ෂණය කරන ලදී. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 9 අප්‍රේල් 2011.
  20. Dreaming of Midnight's Children
  21. Irrfan moves from Mira Nair to Deepa Mehta සංරක්ෂණය කළ පිටපත 4 මාර්තු 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  22. Jha, Subhash K. (31 මාර්තු 2011). "Darsheel Safary Darsheel Safary in Midnight's Children". Times of India. 9 ජූනි 2012 දින මුල් පිටපත වෙතින් සංරක්ෂණය කරන ලදී. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 20 මැයි 2011.
  23. Nolen, Stephanie (15 මැයි 2011). "Mehta at midnight". Globe and Mail. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 17 මැයි 2011.
  24. Stojanova, Christina (2010). The Gendered Screen: Canadian Women Filmmakers. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press. pp. 217–232.
  25. "Deepa Mehta is rightly being celebrated". Rediff.com. 23 පෙබරවාරි 2007. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 4 ජනවාරි 2010.
  26. "TV – Artists Against Racism".
  27. "Randeep Hooda plays gangster in Deepa Mehta's next".
  28. "Honorary Degrees For Leaders in Arts, Business And Law". Communications.uvic.ca. 5 නොවැම්බර් 2009. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 3 මාර්තු 2011.
  29. "Rush wins Governor General's Award". CBC News. 6 මාර්තු 2012. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 6 මාර්තු 2012.
  30. "Honorary degree recipients 21st century". Mount Allison University.
  31. "Honorary degree recipients". Concordia University.
  32. "25 Appointees Named to Ontario's Highest Honour". Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration.
  33. "Appointments to the Order of Canada". 28 ජූනි 2013. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 29 ජූනි 2013.

External links[සංස්කරණය]

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