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|වෙනත් නම් name(s)||shina soba, chūka soba|
|Main ingredient(s)||Chinese wheat noodles, meat- or fish-based broth, vegetables or meat|
|Variations||Many variants, especially regional, with various ingredients and toppings|
- "Ramen". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
- "Definition of "ramen"". The Collins American English Dictionary. Collins. Retrieved 2013-09-26.
- Cwiertka, Katarzyna Joanna (2006). Modern Japanese cuisine: food, power and national identity. Reaktion Books. p. 144. ISBN 1-86189-298-5.
However, Shina soba acquired the status of 'national' dish in Japan under a different name - rāmen. The change of name from Shina soba to rāmen took place during the 1950s and '60s. The word Shina, used historically in reference to China, acquired a pejorative connotation through its association with Japanese imperialist association in Asia and was replaced with the word Chūka, which derived from the Chinese name for the People's Republic. For a while, the term Chūka soba was used, but ultimately the name rāmen caught on, inspired by the chicken-flavoured instant version of the dish that went on sale in 1958 and spread nationwide in no time.