|This article අනාථ ලිපියක් වන්නේ, වෙනත් කිසිම ලිපියක් එය වෙත නොබැඳෙන බැවිනි. (ජූනි 2013)|
|මෙම ලිපිය සිංහල බසට පරිවර්තනය කිරීම අවශ්යව ඇත.
මෙම ලිපිය ලියා ඇත්තේ සිංහල නොවන භාෂාවකිනි. මෙම ලිපිය අරමුණු කොට ඇත්තේ එම භාෂාව භාවිතා කරන ප්රජාව අතරෙහි වන පාඨකයන් සඳහා වන අතර, එය දායක විය යුත්තේ එම භාෂාවෙහි විකිපීඩියාවටය. විකිපීඩියා ලැයිස්තුව බලන්න.
සංවාදය සඳහා සිංහලට පරිවර්තනය කලයුතු පිටු යන්නෙහි මෙම ලිපියෙහි නිවේශිතය බලන්න. මෙම ලිපිය සිංහලයෙන් යළි නොලියැවුනේ නම් සතියක් ඇතුලත එය මකා දැමුම සඳහා ලැයිස්තු ගත කෙරෙනු ඇත සහ/හෝ එහි වර්තමාන භාෂාවට අදාල විකිපීඩියාවට ගෙන යනු ඇත.
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Tux is the official mascot of the Linux kernel. Originally created as an entry to a Linux logo competition, the image of the mascot is the most commonly used icon for Linux, used in many flavors showing Tux in one way or another. He is also used in many Linux games, which are usually look-alikes from other main-stream games.
On this theme, Tux also has various other characters that are similar, such as Penny, or Gown, other penguin characters that are only associated with Tux's representation in games.
The concept of the Linux mascot being a penguin came from Linus Torvalds, the creator of Linux. Tux was created by Larry Ewing in 1996 after an initial suggestion made by Alan Cox  and further refined by Linus Torvalds on the Linux kernel mailing list. Linus took his inspiration from a photograph he found on an FTP site, showing a penguin figurine looking strangely like the Creature Comforts characters made by Nick Park. The first person to call the penguin "Tux" was James Hughes, who said that it stood for "(T)orvalds (U)ni(X)". However, many people observe that Tux is also an abbreviation of tuxedo, the outfit which springs to mind when they see a penguin.
Tux was originally designed as a submission for a Linux logo contest. Three such competitions took place; Tux won none of them. This is why Tux is formally known as the Linux mascot and not the logo. Pictures of some of the other contestants can be found here. Tux was created by Larry Ewing using the first publicly released version (0.54) of GIMP, a free software graphics package. It was released by him under the following condition:
- Permission to use and/or modify this image is granted provided you acknowledge me firstname.lastname@example.org and The GIMP if someone asks. 
According to Jeff Ayers, Linus Torvalds had a "fixation for flightless, fat waterfowl" and Torvalds claims to have contracted "penguinitis" after being gently nibbled by a penguin: "Penguinitis makes you stay awake at nights just thinking about penguins and feeling great love towards them." Torvalds' supposed illness is of course a joke, but he really was bitten by a Little Penguin on a visit to the National Zoo & Aquarium, Canberra, ඕස්ට්රේලියාව . Torvalds was looking for something fun and sympathetic to associate with Linux, and a slightly fat penguin sitting down after having had a great meal perfectly fit the bill.
In an interview Linus commented on the penguin bite.
Linus: I've been to ඕස්ට්රේලියා several times, these days mostly for Linux.Conf.Au. But my first trip - and the one when I was bitten by a ferocious Fairy Penguin: you really should keep those things locked up! - was in 93 or so, talking about Linux for the ඕස්ට්රේලියානු Unix Users Group.
In some Linux distributions, Tux greets the user during booting, with multi-processor systems displaying multiple Tux characters. Tux is a character in the webcomic User Friendly. TUX is the name of a Linux-based web server.
Video games[සංස්කරණය කරන්න]
Tux has taken on a role in the Linux community similar to that which Mario holds in the Nintendo community. As such, several computer games, mostly free and open source and/or for Linux, have starred Tux, including:
- Age of Empires III: An RTS game produced by Microsoft. One of the random names which is assigned to explorer's dogs is 'Tux the Conqueror'.
- Tux on the Run: a Java puzzle platform game by Lennart Steinke.
- Chromium B.S.U.: a "top-scrolling space shooter" in which power-ups are Tux penguins
- Tuxedo T. Penguin: A Quest for Herring: a 3D free software adventure game.
- XTux a deathmatch game featuring free software mascots and a battle against Microsoft.
- FreeDroidRPG: An RPG game, where Tux is an alien (Linarian) who's trapped on Earth. He must fight against deadly droids to survive.
- OpenArena: contains a character titled as "Penguin" who is a man dressed in a costume alike to Tux.
- Pingus: A Lemmings clone in which the lemmings are replaced by penguins in reference to Tux.
- SuperTux: a platform game inspired by Super Mario Bros.
- Tux Kart and SuperTuxKart: Kart racing games similar to the Mario Kart series.
- Tux Paint: A drawing program for young children.
- Tux, of Math Command: a free software math tutoring arcade game.
- Tux Typing: a free software educational game designed to teach typing.
- Tux Racer: A game similar to snowboarding video games, in which the player controls Tux sliding downhill on his belly rather than humans snowboarding down a track.
- FreeCiv: A Civilization-like game, the leader name of the Antarctican civilization is "Tux".
- Wormux: A turn-based strategy game inspired by Worms, featuring many free and open source software mascots, including Tux.
- Frozen Bubble: A free software puzzle game, featuring Tux-esque penguins.
- LinCity-NG: A free software strategy game that allows you to build a Tux statue.
Female Tux versions in Video Games[සංස්කරණය කරන්න]
In some games that star Tux, a desire for more gender neutrality has resulted in allowing the players to play as either Tux or his female friend "Gown". Gown is variously depicted as being a pink version of Tux or as having a somewhat less fat appearance and wearing items of clothing such as a red and white short skirt and a hair bow (eg TuxKart and A Quest for Herring); she is somewhat inspired by Daisy Duck. In SuperTux, XTux and SuperTuxKart, there is a different female penguin called "Penny" who is purple and white (SuperTuxKart once had Gown and still has a map called "Gown's Bow"). Tux's relationship with Penny is comparable to Mario's relationship with Princess Peach as seen in Super Mario Bros. In the upcoming Tux 2 there is supposed to be a female penguin called "Trixi", and in FreeCiv the female leader name for the Antarctican civilization is "Tuxete".
Tux in popular culture[සංස්කරණය කරන්න]
- In the Web RPG DragonFable, the penguin pet is named Linus, referring to Linus Torvalds himself; he also refuses to use Windows ( as stated in-game: "but he refuses to do Windows").
- In the gaming-related webcomic Ctrl+Alt+Del, a pet penguin called Ted is owned by Scott, a Linux user.
- The Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins, the American Hockey League affiliate of the NHL's Pittsburgh Penguins, anamorphic penguin mascot's name is Tux.
- In the show Out of Jimmy's Head, a wisecracking, comedian penguin who often tells bad puns and jokes is called Tux.
Other uses[සංස්කරණය කරන්න]
- Tux had an uncredited use in the Al Gore's Penguin Army video.
- During the Q&A session following his COMDEX Fall 1999 keynote address, Linus Torvalds was asked if he had any idea how many stuffed penguins had been sent to Bill Gates. Torvalds' response was another question: "To the nearest thousand?"
- Tux has been adapted to a designer toy called a Gwin and is distributed by October Toys. It is redesigned by different artists and sold in short collectable runs through the October Toys website and other collectable vinyl toy sites. There are also artists who buy a blank Gwin to hand paint and customize as a one-off art piece.
- Several bloggers have noticed that Tux bears a striking resemblance with a cake template on the front cover of the ඕස්ට්රේලියානු Womans Weekly "Party Animals" , a cake recipe book published by ACP Magazines. The design is titled "The Penguin Prince" and no credit is given. ACP later acknowledged the similarity and added they lost track of the original template designer.
- Re: Linux logo
- Re: Linux Logo prototype
- The photo that inspired Linus Torvalds
- Re: Linux logo
- Re: Let's name the penguin! (was: Re: Linux 2.0 really _is_ released..)
- The History of Tux the Linux Penguin
- Larry Ewing. Notes on creation. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
- Bunks, Carey (2000). Grokking the GIMP. New Riders. ISBN 0735709246. http://gug.sunsite.dk/docs/Grokking-the-GIMP-v1.0/node14.html.
- Larry Ewing. Linux 2.0 Penguins. Retrieved 2006-06-25.
- "Tux" the Aussie Penguin. Linux ඕස්ට්රේලියා. Retrieved 2006-06-25.
- Linus Torvalds talks future of Linux (page 3) | APC Magazine
-  - Age of Empires III dog names list (In Japanese)
|විකිමාධ්ය කොමන්ස් වෙත මෙය ආශ්රිත මාධ්ය සතු වෙයි: Tux|
- Linux 2.0 Penguins (Larry Ewing)
- A complete history of Tux
- Wired News story on Tux
- The Gospel of Tux
- The LWN Penguin Gallery
- GPL'd sewing patterns for Tux
- Roblimo's video posting explaining the use of Tux in the DCI Group video
- Tux Droid : A real open source Tux
- Tux Case : Tux plastic case for an embedded Linux board
- Edible Tux : Tux on a birthday cake
- TuxMathScrabble and TuxWordSmith Education Games
- The Free Penguin Project - GPL'd machine embroidery design files for Tux.