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ඇලුමිනියම් ක්ලෝරයිඩ්

විකිපීඩියා වෙතින්
ඇලුමිනියම් ක්ලෝරයිඩ්
Aluminium chloride
Aluminium trichloride dimer
Names
IUPAC name
aluminium chloride
වෙනත් නාම
aluminium(III) chloride
Identifiers
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3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI CHEBI:{{{value}}}
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.028.371 Edit this at Wikidata
KEGG {{{value}}}
PubChem {{{value}}}
RTECS number {{{value}}}
UNII
InChI
SMILES
Properties
Molecular formula AlCl3
අණුක ස්කන්ධය 133.34 g/mol (anhydrous)
241.43 g/mol (hexahydrate)
Appearance white or pale yellow solid,
hygroscopic
Density 2.48 g/cm3 (anhydrous)
1.3 g/cm3 (hexahydrate)
Melting point

192.4 °C *(anhydrous)
100 °C (hexahydrate)

Boiling point

120 °C (hexahydrate)

Solubility in water 43.9 g/100 ml (0 °C)
44.9 g/100 ml (10 °C)
45.8 g/100 ml (20 °C)
46.6 g/100 ml (30 °C)
47.3 g/100 ml (40 °C)
48.1 g/100 ml (60 °C)
48.6 g/100 ml (80 °C)
49 g/100 ml (100 °C)
Solubility soluble in hydrogen chloride, ethanol, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride
slightly soluble in benzene
Structure
Crystal structure Monoclinic, mS16
Space group C12/m1, No. 12
Coordination
geometry
Octahedral (solid)
Tetrahedral (liquid)
Molecular shape Trigonal planar
(monomeric vapour)
Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
−704 kJ·mol−1[1]
111 J·mol−1·K−1[1]
Hazards
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
anhydrous:
380 mg/kg, rat (oral)
hexahydrate:
3311 mg/kg, rat (oral)
Related compounds
Other anions Aluminium fluoride
Aluminium bromide
Aluminium iodide
Other cations Boron trichloride
Gallium trichloride
Indium(III) chloride
Magnesium chloride
Related Lewis acids Iron(III) chloride
Boron trifluoride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).




References[සංස්කරණය]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zumdahl, Steven S. (2009). Chemical Principles 6th Ed. Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-618-94690-X.

External links[සංස්කරණය]

"https://si.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ඇලුමිනියම්_ක්ලෝරයිඩ්&oldid=341876" වෙතින් සම්ප්‍රවේශනය කෙරිණි