අසාත්මිකතාව

විකිපීඩියා, නිදහස් විශ්වකෝෂය වෙතින්
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Allergy
Hives2010.JPG
Hives are a common allergic symptom
SpecialtyAllergy and immunology
රෝග ලක්‍ෂණRed eyes, itchy rash, runny nose, shortness of breath, swelling, sneezing[1]
TypesHay fever, food allergies, atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma, anaphylaxis[2]
CausesGenetic and environmental factors[3]
Diagnostic methodBased on symptoms, skin prick test[4]
Differential diagnosisFood intolerances, food poisoning[5]
PreventionEarly exposure to potential allergens[6]
TreatmentAvoiding known allergens, medications, allergen immunotherapy[7]
MedicationSteroids, antihistamines, epinephrine[8][7]
FrequencyCommon[9]

අසාත්මිකතා, ඇලර්ජි (ඉංග්‍රීසි:  Allergy) එසේත් නැත්නම්  අගුණ රෝග ලෙස ද හඳුන්වන්නේ ප්‍රතිශක්තිකරණ පද්ධතියේ (immune system) අධිසංවේදිතාව (hypersensitivity) නිසා ඇතිවන තත්වයකි.[10]

ප්‍රතිකාර ලෙස  අසාත්මිකතා කාරක වලින් ඈත් වී සිටීම, ප්‍රතිහිස්ටමින් සහ ස්ටෙරොයිඩ ඖෂධ ලෙස භාවිතා කිරීම සිදු වේ.

මූලාශ්‍ර[සංස්කරණය]

  1. "Environmental Allergies: Symptoms". NIAID. April 22, 2015. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 19 June 2015. 
  2. "Types of Allergic Diseases". NIAID. May 29, 2015. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 17 June 2015. 
  3. Kay AB (2000). "Overview of 'allergy and allergic diseases: with a view to the future'". Br. Med. Bull. 56 (4): 843–64. PMID 11359624. doi:10.1258/0007142001903481. 
  4. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (July 2012). "Food Allergy An Overview" (PDF). Archived from the original (pdf) on 5 March 2016. 
  5. Bahna SL (Dec 2002). "Cow's milk allergy versus cow milk intolerance". Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. 89 (6 Suppl 1): 56–60. PMID 12487206. doi:10.1016/S1081-1206(10)62124-2. 
  6. Sicherer, SH.; Sampson, HA. (Feb 2014). "Food allergy: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment". J Allergy Clin Immunol. 133 (2): 291–307; quiz 308. PMID 24388012. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2013.11.020. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Allergen Immunotherapy". April 22, 2015. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 15 June 2015. 
  8. Simons FE (October 2009). "Anaphylaxis: Recent advances in assessment and treatment" (PDF). The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 124 (4): 625–36; quiz 637–8. PMID 19815109. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2009.08.025. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2013. 
  9. "Allergic Diseases". NIAID. May 21, 2015. Archived from the original on 18 June 2015. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 20 June 2015. 
  10. "ඇලර්ජී නොහොත් අසාත්මිකතා". askmydoctor.lk. සම්ප්‍රවේශය 2018-03-23. 

ආශ්‍රිත[සංස්කරණය]

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