ඒටී සහ ටී මධ්‍යස්ථානය

විකිපීඩියා, නිදහස් විශ්වකෝෂය වෙතින්
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ඒටී සහ ටී මධ්‍යස්ථානය (ඉස්සර ඈමරිටෙක් මධ්‍යස්ථානය සහ එස්බීසී මධ්‍යස්ථානය) යනු පොදු ස්තානයකි. එය පිහිටා ඈත්තේ ඈමරිකාවේ චිකාගො හි පිහිටි උද්යානයකය.එය තුන්වන සහස්‍රවර්ශය සිහි කිරීමට පිහිටුවා ඈත.ප්‍රතිමව සහ මධ්‍යස්ථාන සමහර අවස්තා වලදි වලාකුලු ද්වාරය ලෙස හදුන්වා ඈත.

එය 2004 වර්ශයේ ග්‍රීෂ්ම ඍතුවේ දී විවෘත කර ඈත්තේ ප්‍රතිමාව විවෘත කරන අවස්තාවේදී ය.මෙහි නම් තෑබිමේ උත්සවය සදහා Ameritech Corporation/SBC Communications Inc. ඩොලර් මිලියන 3 ක මුදලක් පරිත්‍යාග කර තිබෙනවා.[1][2] මෙය නත්තල් කාලය තුල කෑරොල් ගීත පවත්වන ස්තානයක් බවට පත් වේ[3]

විස්තර[සංස්කරණය]

A tent was erected on AT&T Plaza to cover Cloud Gate while it was being polished.

Lying between Lake Michigan to the east and the Loop to the west, Grant Park has been Chicago's front yard since the mid-19th century. Its northwest corner, north of Monroe Street and the Art Institute, east of Michigan Avenue, south of Randolph Street, and west of Columbus Drive, had been Illinois Central rail yards and parking lots until 1997, when it was made available for development by the city as Millennium Park.[4] Today, Millennium Park trails only Navy Pier as a Chicago tourist attraction.[5]

The plaza is located above Park Grill, above and behind the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink, adjacent to the Chase Promenade, and between the North and South Boeing Galleries. The plaza and sculpture sit atop the 300-seat $6 million dollar Park Grill, which opened in November 2003 behind the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink.[6] The surface of the plaza is concrete.[7] The plaza is composed of 25,200 square feet (2,340 m2) of concrete pavers. Each paver is 30 by 30 inches (76 by 76 cm), and each is 2.5 inches (6.4 cm) thick.

ඉතිහාසය[සංස්කරණය]

Pavers engraved with the Plaza's former name, SBC Plaza

The plaza was originally named Ameritech Plaza for Ameritech Corporation, the corporate sponsor, who donated $3 million for the sculpture-hosting plaza's naming rights.[1][2][8] By the time the park officially opened in 2004, Ameritech had merged with SBC Communications and the plaza was called SBC Plaza. When SBC acquired AT&T and subsequently changed the name from SBC to AT&T in 2005, the name of the plaza changed again.

Cloud Gate was originally estimated to weigh 60 short tons (54.4 t; 53.6 long tons) because it was impossible to estimate the thickness of the steel compatible with the desired aesthetics.[9][10] The final piece, however, weighs 110 short tons (99.8 t; 98.2 long tons) and care had to be taken in supporting it.[9] The roof of the Park Grill, upon which Cloud Gate sits, had to be strong enough to bear the weight. A large retaining wall separating Chicago's Metra train tracks from the North Grant Park garage travels along the back side of the restaurant and supports much of the sculpture's weight. This wall, along with the rest of the garage's foundation, required additional bracing before the piece was erected.[9] In June 2004, when construction of the shell began, a large tent (pictured left) was erected around the piece in order to shield it from public view.[11]

ක්‍රියාකාරකම්[සංස්කරණය]

සැකිල්ල:Millennium Park Map In 2006, annual Christmas caroling began at the plaza. Following Thanksgiving, weekly sing-alongs are led by choral groups including Bella Voce, Chicago Mass Choir, and Chicago Children's Choir.[3][12][13][14][15]

Because of its elevation above the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink, the plaza has become a prime viewing location for Jazz music concerts held during the summer at the McCormick Tribune Plaza. McCormick Tribune Plaza is located below and to the west of AT&T Plaza as well as adjacent to Michigan Avenue's Historic Michigan Boulevard District, which are slightly further west.[16]

සටහන්[සංස්කරණය]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Dawn of the Millennium". RedEye. Newsbank. 2004-07-16. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Song, Lisa (2000-01-07). "City Tweaks Millennium Park Design". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Head downtown to catch Christmas spirit". Northwest Herald. Newsbank. 2006-11-21. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
  4. Gilfoyle, Timothy J. (August 6, 2006). "Millennium Park". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved June 24, 2008.
  5. "Crain's List Lartgest Tourist Attractions (Sightseeing): Ranked by 2007 attendance". Crain's Chicago Business. Crain Communications Inc. 2008-06-23. p. 22.
  6. Gilfoyle, p. 328.
  7. Kamin, Blair (2004-07-18). "`Cloud Gate' - (star)(star)(star)(star) - SBC Plaza , between Washington and Madison Streets - Anish Kapoor, London". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
  8. "Upcoming Park Features" (PDF). Millennium Park News. Public Building Commission of Chicago. Winter 2001-2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-22. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Gilfoyle, p. 165.
  10. Gilfoyle, p. 402.
  11. Becker, Lynn. "A photo essay on the making of Anish Kapoor's Cloud Gate sculpture in Chicago's Millennium Park". Repeat. Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. "Carolers at the Bean in free event". Chicago Sun-Times. Newsbank. 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
  13. "Calendar". Skyline. Newsbank. 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2008-09-14.
  14. Busk, Celeste and Mary Houlihan (2008-11-28). "Booked for the holidays - Festive to-do list. Events and shows make the season even more bright". Chicago Sun-Times. Newsbank. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  15. Metz, Nina (2008-11-28). "Holiday on demand - We've whipped up 4 Christmases for you whatever your mood, be you Grinch-like or St. Nick himself". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
  16. Kamin, Blair (2004-08-29). "A people's park for the future". Chicago Tribune. Newsbank. Retrieved 2008-09-19.

යොමු[සංස්කරණය]

  • Gilfoyle, Timothy J. (2006). Millennium Park: Creating a Chicago Landmark. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-29349-1. 

External links[සංස්කරණය]

සැකිල්ල:Chicago සැකිල්ල:Millennium Park

සැකිල්ල:Geographic Location

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