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Allopathic medicine and allopathy (from Greek ἄλλος, állos, other, different + πάϑος, páthos, suffering) are terms coined by Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathy. It meant "other than the disease" and it was intended, among other things, to point out how traditional doctors used methods that had nothing to do with the symptoms created with the disease, which meant that these methods were harmful to the patients. Originally intended as a characterization of standard medicine in the early 19th century, these terms were rejected by mainstream physicians and quickly acquired negative overtones. During the 19th century it was used widely among irregular doctors as a pejorative term for regular doctors. In the United States the term "allopathic" has been used by persons not related to homeopathy, but it has never been accepted by the medical establishment, and is not a label that such individuals apply to themselves.
In the United States, allopathic medicine can sometimes refer to the medical training that leads to the degree Doctor of Medicine rather than the degree Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine, although this is uncommon. See comparison of MD and DO in the United States.
Generally, allopathic medicine refers to "the broad category of medical practice that is sometimes called Western medicine, biomedicine, scientific medicine, or modern medicine," with varying degrees of acceptance by medical professionals in different locales. See වෛද්ය විද්යාව.
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Allopathic medicine or allopathy may also refer to:
- The opposite of homeopathy, see homeopathy and allopathy.
- The opposite of complementary and alternative medicine.
- The opposite of traditional medicine, especially of Ayurveda.
- James C. Whorton (2004). Oxford University Press US. ed. Nature Cures: The History of Alternative Medicine in America (illustrated සංස්.). pp. 18,52. ISBN 0195171624. http://books.google.com/books?id=RU0DndWVSPoC&pg=PA18&vq=allopathy+allopathic+greek+hahnemann.
- Gundling, Katherine E. (1998). "When did I become an "allopath"? (Commentary)". Archives of Internal Medicine 158: 2185–6. doi:10.1001/archinte.158.20.2185. PMID 9818797. "Just when did I become an allopath? I am hearing and reading this term more and more lately. … Nevertheless, there is a clear trend of increased use of the term among mainstream physicians.".
- Gundling, Katherine E. (1998). "When did I become an "allopath"? (Commentary)". Archives of Internal Medicine 158: 2185–6. doi:10.1001/archinte.158.20.2185. PMID 9818797. "Allopathy artificially delimits the practice of medicine […]. It embodies an unnatural, inflexible philosophy of care and implies that our system of care is merely one of many from which a discerning health care consumer may choose. […] The practice of medicine deserves so much more than the parsimonious title allopathy.".
- Berkenwald, Alan D. (1998). "In the Name of Medicine". Annals of Internal Medicine 128 (3): 246–50. http://www.annals.org/cgi/content/full/128/3/246. ප්රතිෂ්ඨාපනය 2008-04-28. "Frequently used terms such as scientific, regular, mainstream, conventional, organized, allopathic, or conservative fail to describe adequately what licensed physicians do in our society.".
- Physicians and Surgeons. Occupational Outlook Handbook (U.S. Department of Labor). 2007-12-18. Retrieved 2008-04-28.
There are two types of physicians: MD — Doctor of Medicine — and DO — Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine. MDs also are known as allopathic physicians.
- "Allopathic" Medicine - The Princeton Review (a college admissions testing preparation company unaffiliated with Princeton University)
- Legal Status of Traditional Medicine and Complementary/Alternative Medicine: A Worldwide Review (PDF). World Health Organization (World Health Organization). 2001. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
- Gogtay NJ, Bhatt HA, Dalvi SS, Kshirsagar NA (2002). "The use and safety of non-allopathic Indian medicines". Drug Safety 25 (14): 1005–19. PMID 12408732.
- Verma U, Sharma R, Gupta P, Gupta S, Kapoor B. Allopathic vs. ayurvedic practices in tertiary care institutes of urban North India. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 39:52-54. accessed 1 Oct 2007.
- Ayurveda and Allopathy. Gosai.com.  accessed 1 Oct 2007.