කොංෆූසි

විකිපීඩියා, නිදහස් විශ්වකෝෂය වෙතින්
වෙත පනින්න: සංචලනය, සොයන්න

සැකිල්ල:ChineseText

孔丘 Kong Qiu
උපත September 28, 551 B.C.E.
Qufu, China
මරණය 479 B.C.E.
Qufu, China
යුගය Ancient philosophy
ප්‍රදේශය Chinese philosophy
ගුරුකුලය Founder of Confucianism
ප්‍රධාන ලැදිකම් Moral philosophy, Social philosophy, Ethics
සංගණ්‍ය අදහස් Confucianism

කොංෆූසි (චීන: ; පින්යින්: Kǒng zǐ; වේඩ්-ගයිල්ස්: K'ung-tzu, or චීන: 孔夫子; පින්යින්: Kǒng Fūzǐ; වේඩ්-ගයිල්ස්: K'ung-fu-tzu), lit. "Master Kong,"[1] (traditionally September 28, 551 B.C.E. – 479 B.C.E.) was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher, whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese and Vietnamese thought and life.

His philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. These values gained prominence in China over other doctrines, such as Legalism (法家) or Taoism (道家) during the Han Dynasty[2][3][4] (206 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.). Confucius' thoughts have been developed into a system of philosophy known as Confucianism (儒家). It was introduced to යුරෝපය by the Italian Jesuit Matteo Ricci, who was the first to Latinise the name as "Confucius."

His teachings may be found in the Analects of Confucius (論語), a collection of "brief aphoristic fragments", which was compiled many years after his death. Modern historians do not believe that any specific documents can be said to have been written by Confucius,[5][6] but for nearly 2,000 years he was thought to be the editor or author of all the Five Classics (五經)[7][8] such as the Classic of Rites (禮記) (editor), and the Spring and Autumn Annals (春秋) (author).

  1. More commonly abbreviated to සැකිල්ල:Zh-cp; see Names section
  2. Ban 111, vol.56
  3. Gao 2003
  4. Chen 2003
  5. Zhang 1899, p. 111
  6. Liu 2005, section 3
  7. The Analects 479 B.C.E. - 221 B.C.E., VII.1
  8. Kang 1958
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