ජාතික සත්වෝද්යානය, ශ්රී ලංකාව
නිල් සහ කහ මැකාවෝ (ආරා ආරාරවුනා) දෙහිවල සත්තු වත්ත තුලදී
|විවෘත කල දිනය||1936|
|පිහිටීම||දෙහිවල, ශ්රී ලංකා|
|වපසරිය||10.1 හෙක්/ 0.10 කිමී²|
|සතුන් සංඛ්යාව||3000 (2005)|
|විශේෂයන් සංඛ්යාව||350 (2005)|
|වාර්ෂික නරඹන්නන් සංඛ්යාව||1.2 මිලියන (2008)|
|සාමාජීකත්වයන්||World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA)|
|ප්රධාන ප්රදර්ශන||ක්ෂීරපායියන්, උරගයන්, ජලජ සතුන්, කුරුල්ලන්|
Sri Lanka has a history of collecting and keeping wild animals as pets by some සිංහල kings as well as some British people. What is known today as National Zoological Gardens of Sri Lanka was founded by John Hagenbeck in the late 1920s. It was closed at beginning of world war II in 1939 because of the owner of that company was a German. After liquidation of Zoological Garden Company in 1936, the government acquired much of the collection and added it to the Dehiwala Zoo (Zoological Garden of Ceylon) collection. Although Dehiwala Zoo officially began operating in 1939, an impressive animal collection already existed there as part of Hagenback company's holding area, where public could visit.
Major Aubrey Weinman was the first Director of the Dehiwal Zoo. During his period various programs were developed, such as introducing more native and foreign species, educational and conservation programs, improving the facilities and infrastructures and more.
By 1969, half of the collection consisted of native species including virtually all of the ක්ෂීරපායින් represented. In 1973, the zoo had 158 mammal species, 259 bird species, 56 උරග species and 7 මත්ස්යන් species. However, not much has been reported on Zoo progress until 1980s.
Dehiwala Zoological Garden is one of the oldest zoological gardens in Asia. It has a substantial collection of worldwide animals. It is open all year long and can be reached by public transportation. Diversity of the zoo is indicated by the presence of an aquarium walk through aviary, උරග house, butterfly garden and many cages and enclosures.
The zoological garden has a small, but picturesque butterfly garden which is decorated with small shrubs, trees, creepers and small streams. Internal temperature and humidity of the house is controlled by artificially created mist. The butterfly garden exhibits 30 species of butterflies with their all stages of life cycle for educational purposes.
|දෙහිවල සත්තු වත්තේ සිටින සතුන්|
සත්වෝද්යාන භූ දර්ශනය [සංස්කරණය]
Dehiwala Zoo has been designed into a beautiful landscape of colourful flowers, foliage and water fountains, the zoological garden is probably one of the few remaining places in the country where nature blends with a large variety of animal life.
Colombo Zoo is famous for its huge tree cover and well landscaped garden. To provide more natural habitats some lawns of the Zoo have been converted into small forest patches which are rich in rare plants. Valuable medicinal plants are prominent among the trees in these patches.
The zoo consist of shady pathways with arched cemented bridges are classic ways to cross an animal enclosure although there are plenty of equal attractive alternatives.
සත්ව සංදර්ශණ [සංස්කරණය]
The elephant's performance are held at elephant arena with certain time table. Pachyderms in shows perform antics such standing on their heads, wiggling their backs to music, hopping on one foot and standing up on their hind legs.
Educational Programme on Chimps
One of the main attraction of Dehiwala Zoo is "Sanju" - a baby Chimpanzee. Sanju was hand raised and now its show is exerted as educational programme about the chimpanzee's behaviors . People can enjoy Saju's daily routine performances according to a time table.
Sea Loins' Performances
The sea lions' performance are displayed daily at the sea lions' pool according to a time table. Two Californian sea lions are fed by their keepers during this wonderful moment.
සතුන් පිළිබඳව [සංස්කරණය]
including ක්ෂීරපායින්, උරගයින්, කුරුල්ලන් and මත්ස්යන්. Every year the Zoo exchanges some of its animals with other Zoos worldwide to enlarge the diversity of its animals and introduce new species of animals as well.
Dehiwala's collection includes:
අළුත් සත්ව වර්ග [සංස්කරණය]
The table contains introduction of new animal species which has been reported by the Zoo administration to the public medias. The number of introduced and new born animal species can be changed with the time due to death, animal exchanges with other zoos and some unavoidable circumstances.
- "National Zoological Gardens of Sri Lanka". Sunday Observer. 2005-07-31. http://www.sundayobserver.lk/2005/07/31/fea29.html. සම්ප්රවේශය කෙරුණු දිනය 2009-04-10.