රාජකීය උද්භිද උද්‍යානය, ශ්‍රී ලංකා

විකිපීඩියා, නිදහස් විශ්වකෝෂය වෙතින්
වෙත පනින්න: සංචලනය, සොයන්න
රාජකීය උද්භිද උද්‍යානය, ශ්‍රී ලංකා
පේරාදෙණිය මල්වත්ත
Type උද්භිද උද්‍යානය
පිහිටීම
(Location)
පේරාදෙණිය, ශ්‍රී ලංකා
Coordinates 7°16′16″N 80°35′44″E / 7.27111°N 80.59556°E / 7.27111; 80.59556 (Botanical Garden of Peradeniya)ඛණ්ඩාංක: 7°16′16″N 80°35′44″E / 7.27111°N 80.59556°E / 7.27111; 80.59556 (Botanical Garden of Peradeniya)
වපසරිය
(Area)
සැකිල්ල:Convert/අක්කර
Opened around 1750
Operated by Department of Agricultural, Sri Lanka
Status Open all year

ශ්‍රී ලංකාවේ රාජකීය උද්භිද උද්‍යානය, පේරාදෙණියේ පිහිටා ඇත. It is renowned for the collection the variety of Orchids,and has more than 300 varieties of Orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palms trees attach it is the National Herbarium. Total land mass of the botanical garden is 147 acres (0.59 km2), 460 Meters above sea level with a 200 day annual rain fall, it is managed by the Division of National Botanic Gardens of the Department of Agriculture.

ඉතිහාසය[සංස්කරණය]

සැකිල්ල:Wildlife of Sri Lanka

රාජකීය උද්භිද උද්‍යානයක් වීමට පෙර ඉතිහාසය[සංස්කරණය]

IIවන ව්ක්‍රමබාහු රජ විසින් වර්තමානයේ උයන පිහිටා ඇති ප්‍රදේශයේ සිය රාජ සභාව පිහිටුවා ඇත.

රාජකීය උද්භිද උද්‍යානයේ ඉතිහාසය[සංස්කරණය]

කීර්ති ශ්‍රී රාජසිංහ රජ විසින් මෙම ප්‍රදේශය රාජකීය උයන බවට පත්කරන ලදී. this was followed by King Kirti Sri and King Rajadhi Rajasinghe. A temple was built on this location by King Wimala Dharma but it was destroyed by the British when they were given control over the Kandyan Kingdom. There after the ground work for a Botanical Garden were formed by Mr Alexandar Moon in 1821. Botanical Garden at Peradeniya were formally established and plants from Kew Garden at Slave island, Colombo and from the Kalutara Garden in Kalutara were moved up until 1843. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Peradeniya was made more independent and expanded under Mr George Gardner as its superintendent in 1844. The gardens came under the administration of the Department of Agriculture when it was established in 1912.

The Classical Avenue of Palms is located in this Garden. One tree with a significant history is the Cannon ball Tree planted by King George V of the United Kingdom and Queen Mary in 1901. The tree is bent with its fruits which looks like Cannon Ball, which is how it came to be named.

It also used during the Second World War by Lord Louis Mountbatten, the supreme commander of the allied forces in the South Asia as the headquarters of the South East Asia Command.

Gardens[සංස්කරණය]

Other Botanic Gardens in Sri Lanka[සංස්කරණය]

References & external links[සංස්කරණය]